Captain Cook’s voyages of discovery
Captain James Cook set sail on the first of three voyages to the South Seas in 1768, with a secret agenda that would change the way Europeans viewed the Pacific Ocean and its lands. The State Library has maps, journals, log books, and paintings from Cook’s journeys.
How long was Captain Cook’s second voyage?
Over ten thousand miles of sea were traversed between November 22, 1772, when Resolution and Adventure departed from South Africa, and March 26, 1773, when Cook’s ship entered Dusky Bay (New Zealand), out of sight of land, in fog, around ice fields, dodging icebergs, and even dipping at one point.
How long did Captain Cook explore for?
Captain James Cook FRS (7 November 1728 u2013 14 February 1779) was a British explorer, navigator, cartographer, and captain in the Royal Navy who is best known for his three voyages to the Pacific Ocean, particularly to Australia, between 1768 and 1779.
Why did Captain Cook go to Australia?
In 1768, Captain Cook was chosen to lead an expedition to the South Seas to observe the Transit of Venus and secretly search for the unknown Great Southern Continent (terra australis incognita).
When did Captain Cook start his journey?
On May 27, 1768, James Cook embarked on his first Pacific voyage (1768-1771) aboard the Endeavour.
How long was Captain Cook’s first voyage?
Cook embarked on a second Pacific voyage the following year, which lasted from 1772 to 1775, almost three years after his return.
Why did James Cook go on his second voyage?
The Royal Society advised the British government to commission James Cook’s second voyage, which took place from 1772 to 1775, to circumnavigate the globe as far south as possible in order to determine whether there was any great southern landmass, or Terra Australis.
Was Captain Cook a good man?
Finally, he was a man doing a job that he excelled at for the most part; this summer, as children across the United Kingdom and the Antipodes are reminded of his bravery and heroism, some Hawaiians may recall the ‘devil’ of Western imperialism and all that followed.
What happened to Captain Cook’s body?
Captain Cook was killed in Hawaii on February 14, 1779, and his remains were formally buried at sea in Kealakekua Bay, Hawaii, a week later.
What was Australia first called?
In 1804, British navigator Matthew Flinders proposed the names Terra Australis or Australia for the entire continent, reserving “New Holland” for the western half, and continued to use “Australia” in his correspondence while trying to gain support for the term.
Who found Australia first?
While Indigenous Australians have lived on the continent for tens of thousands of years and traded with nearby islanders, the first European to land on the continent was Willem Janszoon in 1606. He landed on the western side of Cape York Peninsula and charted about 300 kilometers of coastline.
Who named Australia?
The name we use today was suggested by English explorer Matthew Flinders, who was the first to circumnavigate the continent in 1803, and used the name ‘Australia’ to describe the continent on a hand drawn map in 1804.
How long was Captain Cook’s journey to Australia?
Captain Cook and his crew landed on the shores of Botany Bay in modern-day Sydney 250 years ago and stayed for eight days on land.
Why is Captain Cook famous?
James Cook was a naval captain, navigator, and explorer who, on his ship HMB Endeavour, charted New Zealand and Australia’s Great Barrier Reef in 1770, guiding generations of explorers and providing the first accurate map of the Pacific.
What age was Captain Cook when he died?
a period of 50 years (1728u20131779)