Marco Polo, a famous adventurer from Italy, is credited with being the first person to journey from Italy to China through the Silk Road.At the time, China was ruled by the Mongolian Empire, and they landed in China in the year 1275.It is important to note that they did not go by water but rather traveled overland by camel following several routes.
They had finally arrived in Xanadu, the opulent summer palace of Kublai Khan, the ruler of Mongolia.
The merchants typically traveled in large groups, numbering anything from tens to hundreds of individuals at a time. They traversed the desert on camels, horses, and occasionally even on foot. During the development of the maritime Silk Roads, certain goods were also transported by water.
How did the Polos travel on the Silk Road?
They made their way by boat to the Gulf of Oman, and from there they followed a caravan path that brought them over the Gobi Desert.Their travels led them through several ancient cities that had an important role as commercial hubs in that era.Because silk was such a highly prized commodity in commerce, the path that the Polo family followed to reach China came to be known as the Silk Road.
How did disease spread along the Silk Road?
Early Christians from Assyria brought their religion to China and Central Asia, while Buddhist teachings were brought to China by traders from the Indian subcontinent.Over with goods and people, disease spread along the Silk Road.Many academics are of the opinion that the bubonic plague was brought to Europe from Asia, which resulted in the outbreak of the Black Death in the middle of the 14th century.
How did the Black Death affect the Silk Road?
The Black Death, which struck Europe in the late 1340s C.E.and caused widespread devastation, is thought by some researchers to have originated in Asia and spread down the Silk Road.Even if new, more direct routes between East and West emerged throughout the Age of Exploration, significant portions of the Silk Road remained to play an important role as trade corridors for a wide range of civilizations.