The Journey to a new life
During the poor year of 1879, a mini-famine occurred, resulting in evictions and tenant evictions, and two local shipping ticket agents advertised passage to New York and Philadelphia.
Journey to a new life
Between 1880 and the start of World War I, the cost of passage in Steerage or Third Class remained consistent at around $35, which was roughly half a year’s wages at the time.
Queens of the Sea
The Ellis Island Immigration Station first opened its doors in 1892, but the crossing was still made on steam-powered ocean liners at the turn of the century, and steerage was increasingly referred to as “third class,” with separate airy cabins for men and women.
Ellis Island Immigrant Processing
Passengers were shuttled to Ellis Island on ferryboats after arriving at New York’s piers for inspection and processing. Immigrants were subjected to a legal inspection that focused on information provided in the ship’s manifest, which included details of their nationality, trade, and literacy skills.
Rare Footage showing emmigrants arriving on Ellis Island.
The Immigration Depot and a nearby dock on Ellis Island are depicted in video from the L.I.C.A. Archives, with a group of immigrants lined up to board a vessel leaving the island, followed by another group arriving and being directed off the dock and into the Depot.
Annie Moore – The first immigrant
The original Ellis Island Immigration Station opened in 1892, with the first immigrant being a 13-year-old girl from County Cork. That year, 450,000 immigrants passed through the immigration station, with 700 passengers passing through on the same day.
A carnival of sights, smells and sounds
Many Irish immigrants arriving from Europe used Ellis Island as a gateway to North America; at the turn of the century, the main US hubs for Irish immigrants were Illinois, Kentucky, Ohio, Massachusetts, Michigan, New Jersey, Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, Nebraska, Los Angeles, and New York.
When did Irish come to Ellis Island?
Then, on January 1, 1892, the Ellis Island reception center opened, with Annie Moore, a 15-year-old from Co Cork, being the first passenger processed, and more than 12 million people followed her over the next 62 years.
How long did it take immigrants to get through Ellis Island?
Arrival and Inspection If an immigrant’s papers were in order and they were in reasonably good health, the Ellis Island inspection process lasted 3 to 5 hours, with doctors briefly scanning each individual for obvious physical ailments in the Registry Room (Great Hall).
How long does it take to get from Ireland to America by boat?
The 3.5-hour journey is served several times a day by two operators, Irish Ferries and Stena Line.
Did the Irish go through Ellis Island?
More than 3.5 million Irish immigrants were processed at Ellis Island during its 62-year operation, making it a significant New York landmark for Irish Americans.
Where did most Irish settle in America?
During the 1700s, Irish men and women (mostly Scots-Irish) first arrived in the United States, settling primarily in rural areas of Virginia, Pennsylvania, and the Carolinas.
Why did Annie Moore go to Ellis Island?
Annie Moore and her siblings left their native Ireland in 1891 to reunite with their parents in the United States after a four-year separation, and the location was chosen by the US government to serve as the first federal immigration station around 1890.
Why did they stop using Ellis Island?
Strict immigration quotas were enacted after the Immigration Act of 1924, and Ellis Island was downgraded from a primary inspection center to an immigrant-detention center, housing only those who were to be detained or deported (see Mass detentions and deportations).
What happened to most immigrants who arrived at Ellis Island?
The majority of immigrants were processed through Ellis Island in a matter of hours, and only 2% of those who arrived on the island were denied entry to the United States. Even for those born in the United States, a visit to Ellis Island and the nearby Statue of Liberty can be emotional.
How long was the average stay at Ellis Island?
The average time spent on Ellis Island was two to five hours for someone who had no problems passing through the screening procedures; approximately twelve million immigrants entered the United States after passing through the facilities on Ellis Island.
How expensive is sailing around the world?
Boat: $30,000 and up; most cruisers planning a circumnavigation or offshore cruising will purchase a boat that is significantly more expensive; if buying used, we recommend buying a boat that is already equipped. Monthly budget for two people in the Caribbean and Europe: $3000.
How long was the boat ride from Russia to Ellis Island?
By the turn of the century, the trip to Ellis Island took only 7 to 10 days, with the shortest trip taking only 5 days in the summer and the longest taking 9 days.
How many Irish died on the coffin ships?
Of the 98,105 passengers (60,000 of whom were Irish), 5293 died at sea, 8072 died in Grosse Isle and Quebec, and 7,000 in and around Montreal, for a total of at least 20,365 deaths (the numbers of those who died later in their journey from illnesses contracted on the coffin ships are unknown).
What happened to immigrants after Ellis Island?
Despite the island’s reputation as an “Island of Tears,” the vast majority of immigrants were treated courteously and respectfully, and were free to begin their new lives in America after only a few hours on the island; only 2% of those arriving were denied entry.
Why did Irish leave Ireland?
Thousands of families fled Ireland in the nineteenth century due to rising rents and prices, bad landlords, poor harvests, and a lack of jobs, while Ireland was still a part of Great Britain and ruled from London.
Did all immigrants have to come through Ellis Island?
At the time, no passports or visas were required to enter the United States through Ellis Island; in fact, no papers were required at all. Between 1892 and 1954, more than 12 million immigrants passed through Ellis Island, with 1,004,756 entering the country in 1907.