How Sacagawea Served as an Invaluable Aid to Lewis and Clark
Despite speaking no English and being accompanied by her infant son for the entire 16-month journey, Meriwether Lewis and William Clark led the Corps of Discovery to the Pacific Ocean and back east. Sacagawea, the Native American teenager, played an important role despite speaking no English.
Her translations ensured supplies and a commitment from the Shoshones
The Shoshone Indians were led by Sacagawea’s brother, Chief Cameahwait, who nearly abandoned the expedition before its safe passage across the mountains to lead his people on a buffalo hunt.
Sacagawea served as a peaceful presence for the well-armed strangers
Lewis and Clark hired Sacagawea because of her ability to communicate with the Shoshones. She joined a scouting party sent to examine a beached whale and voted on where to set up camp for the winter, after the Clatsop Native Americans turned down trade offers for a magnificent sea otter robe.
She helped guide Clark on the return trip
Her presence may have given participants a sense of humanity during an otherwise traumatic experience.
Sacagawea received no direct payment for her contributions
Sacagawea died in December 1812, with the local clerk referring to her as “the best woman in the fort.” Charbonneau was paid $500.33 for both his and his wife’s efforts, and Clark assumed guardianship of Jean Baptiste and his younger sister, Lisette.
How did Sacagawea help Lewis and Clark?
Sacagawea and her family assisted the Corps in communicating with the Shoshone by translating with her husband. As the Corps traveled eastward in 1806, returning to St. Louis, they stopped at the Mandan and Hidatsa villages, where Sacagawea and her family completed their journey.
How did Sacagawea assist Lewis and Clark on their journey westward?
Sacagawea, his pregnant Shoshone Indian wife, was allowed to join him on the expedition. Sacagawea had been kidnapped by Hidatsa Indians at the age of 12 and sold to Charbonneau, and Lewis and Clark hoped she could help them communicate with any Shoshone they encountered on their journey.
How was Sacagawea able to help in the journey?
Sacagawea proved to be useful in many ways during the journey, despite the fact that she was traveling with a newborn child. She was skilled at finding edible plants, and when a boat she was riding on capsized, she was able to save some of the cargo, including important documents and supplies.
What was the role of Sacagawea in the Lewis and Clark expeditions quizlet?
Sacagawea aided the Corps of Discovery in several ways: she was a translator, a guide, assisted with Native American relations, and helped keep the peace between the expedition and the Indians. They built good relationships with the Indians, mapped the region, and discovered over 100 species and animals.
What tribe was Sacagawea part of?
Sacagawea was born around 1788 in what is now Idaho, and was kidnapped by an enemy tribe, the Hidatsa, when she was about 12 years old and taken from her Lemhi Shoshone people to the Hidatsa villages near Bismarck, North Dakota.
How did Sacagawea carry her son?
Sacagawea had given birth to a son named Jean Baptiste that winter, and she carried him on her back in a cradleboard. He was only two months old.
How did Sacagawea once saved Lewis and Clark’s journals and tools?
The boat was carrying important scientific information from journals, as well as medicine and tools, and Charbonneau, who couldn’t swim, panicked instead of reaching for them while Sacagawea reached for them, saving documents and tools that would have been lost forever.
Are there any living descendants of Sacagawea?
Sheppard is one of hundreds of Sacagawea descendants on the Fort Berthold Reservation, the Mandan, Hidatsa, and Arikara Nation’s homeland; however, Sacagawea’s Hidatsa descendants’ voices have largely gone unheard and unpublished.
How is Sacagawea a hero?
Sacagawea is a hero because she exhibited exceptional bravery and selflessness throughout her life and during the Lewis and Clark expedition; her bravery is what led her through the rings of fire and shaped her into the person she was; this Native-American woman had strong roots, and her bravery was built up her entire life.
How many languages did Sacagawea speak?
Without Sacagawea’s assistance, Lewis and Clark’s expedition would have been doomed because they would have been unable to communicate with the Native American tribes they encountered along the way, making it difficult to trade for horses and supplies.
Who was Sacagawea and how was she important to the success of the Lewis and Clark expedition quizlet?
Sacagawea aided Lewis and Clark by acting as a translator, guide, and Indian relations expert, as well as keeping the expedition and all Indian tribes at peace.
What did Thomas Jefferson ask Lewis and Clark to do Readworks?
In 1804, President Thomas Jefferson dispatched Meriwether Lewis and William Clark on a perilous expedition to explore the vast 828,000 square miles of land west of the Mississippi that the US had purchased for $15 million from France.