The Odysseus’ Journey – See the True Map
Odysseus begins his journey back to Ithaca after his contribution to the Trojan War, and after many adventures and losses, he is the only one who succeeds in returning to Ithaca. But was it bad luck, or was there a reason for this?
THE ARDUOUS JOURNEY HOME
Odysseus began his long journey home after the Trojan War ended; everyone else had returned to their loved ones except him, and he wandered for ten years through seas and countries far away from home until he arrived in Ithaca, where his comrades fought and died.
The gods sent wild winds to push Odysseus and his men north into the land of the Cicones, killing many. Clearly, the lack of prudence and sobriety had cost many good men their lives.
The lotus eaters
Odysseus and his men sailed across the sea to Africa, where they met the Lotus Eaters, who gave them persimmons, which were later revealed to be enchanted fruit, and the Persimmon-eating men forgot about their homeland and refused to leave.
Polyphemus the Cyclops
The wind pushed their ships to the island of the Cyclops (Sicily) where they discovered a mighty cave where they found milk, cheese, and lambs to eat. Odysseus was known for being quick-witted even in the face of adversity.
Island of Aeolus
The men of Odysseus opened a bag containing bad winds, causing a storm that swept him away; modern Greeks use the expression “opening the sac of Aeolus” to describe uncontrollable situations (akin to “opening a can of worms”).
Fleeing the Laestrygonians
Odysseus and his men were stranded on a Laestrygonian island, where they were attacked by a tribe of giants who devoured any men who approached them.
The Sorceress Circe
The wind blew Odysseus and his men to Circe’s island, and Circe grew fond of him, forcing her to convert his men back to humans. They stayed in the immortal sorceress’s palace for a long time before deciding to leave.
The Journey to the Underworld
Odysseus and his men arrived in the underworld, a place no one had ever dared to enter, and after a while, the prophet Tiresias approached him, saying, “Poseidon hates you because you blinded Cyclops Polyphemus.”
The island of Sirens
Odysseus and his men were drawn to the island of Sirens after leaving the underworld, where the creatures would enchant sailors with their sweet song and eat them if they approached. Fortunately, Circe had advised him to wax his men’s ears to drown out the sirens’ songs.
Scylla and Charybdis
The mythological sea monsters Charybdis and Skylla created whirlpools that sank ships, while Skylla curled up in her cave and ate sailors, making sailing through the Strait of Scylla nearly impossible.
The cattle of Helios
Odysseus and his remaining companions arrived on the Sun god’s island after many nights at sea, and when they ran out of food, they fasted for a few days, but one day, while he was sleeping, they slaughtered and roasted some oxen.
How long did Odysseus wander around the seas in order to get home to Ithaca?
The poem tells the story of Odysseus, the king of Ithaca, who wanders for ten years (though the action of the poem only lasts six weeks) after the Trojan War, trying to find his way home.
Why does it take Odysseus so long to get home from Troy?
Because of Odysseus’ despicable behavior, Polyphemus petitions his father (Poseidon) to punish him, and Poseidon erects additional roadblocks that will prevent Odysseus from returning home for many more years. (And because his men enrage the gods by eating Helios’ cattle, they are destroyed and never return.)
Which monster ends up killing everyone on the ship but Odysseus?
The rest of Odysseus’ men were slain by Zeus after his ship’s crew ate the sacred cattle of Helios, the sun god.
What happened at Odysseus first stop?
Odysseus’ first stop after Troy was Ismarus, where he and his men raided the Cycones’ land. Ismarus demonstrates how Odysseus is a proud man, and some of his men are greedy, but he is a good leader, and most of his men are safe. Odysseus can be seen as the hero, and his men as loyal companions.
Who is Poseidon’s son?
Triton was a merman and a demigod of the sea in Greek mythology; he was the son of the sea god Poseidon and his wife Amphitrite, and he lived with his parents in a golden palace in the depths of the sea, according to the Greek poet Hesiod.
Who is Poseidon’s Cyclops son?
Polyphemus was the most famous of the Cyclopes (one-eyed giants) in Greek mythology. He was the son of Poseidon, the god of the sea, and the nymph Thou00f6sa, and according to Ovid’s Metamorphoses, Polyphemus loved Galatea, a Sicilian Nereid, and killed her lover Acis.
Why are the suitors courting Penelope?
Under the guise of courting Penelope, these young men, known as “suitors,” move into Odysseus’ home and compete for her hand in marriage, claiming she will choose a husband after she finishes weaving a funeral shroud to give to Odysseus’ father, Laertes.
Who kept Odysseus for 7 years?
Calypso held Odysseus captive at Ogygia for seven years, according to Homer, while Apollodorus claims five years and Hyginus claims one.
Why do Calypso’s maids giggle when they see Odysseus?
Why are Calypso’s maids laughing when they see Odysseus? They know Calypso will want him and he will fall under her spell. Why is Telemachus attempting to string Odysseus’s bow? He wants to give it to his father and prevent the suitors from stringing it.
What did Odysseus call himself to the Cyclops?
Odysseus was trapped in a cave by the Cyclops Polyphemus, who had already eaten two of the men the king of Ithaca was traveling with and was about to eat Odysseus himself, when Odysseus got Polyphemus drunk, told him his name was “Nobody,” and then blinded the one-eyed giant.
What is wrong with Ivan?
The novel’s final rejection of Ivan’s skeptical way of life is represented by his subsequent collapse into hallucination and madness; when the novel ends, Ivan is feverish and unconscious, having been taken home by Katerina to recuperate, and his future is uncertain.
Why did Poseidon not like Odysseus?
Odysseus and his crew were shipwrecked on a mysterious island in order to seek shelter, and when he fell asleep, Odysseus blinded him before he and the rest of his crew snuck out. Poseidon was understandably angry to learn that his son had suffered in this way, and he hated Odysseus even more.
How did Odysseus died?
The royal couple, reunited after ten years apart, lived happily ever after, or not quite, because an elderly Odysseus was killed by Telegonos, his son by Circe, when he landed on Ithaca and unwittingly killed his own father in battle.