The Odysseus’ Journey – See the True Map
Odysseus begins his journey back to Ithaca after his contribution to the Trojan War, and after many adventures and losses, he is the only one who succeeds in returning to Ithaca. But was it bad luck, or was there a reason for this?
THE ARDUOUS JOURNEY HOME
Odysseus began his long journey home after the Trojan War ended; everyone else had returned to their loved ones except him, and he wandered for ten years through seas and countries far away from home until he arrived in Ithaca, where his comrades fought and died.
The gods sent wild winds to push Odysseus and his men north into the land of the Cicones, killing many. Clearly, the lack of prudence and sobriety had cost many good men their lives.
The lotus eaters
Odysseus and his men sailed across the sea to Africa, where they met the Lotus Eaters, who gave them persimmons, which were later revealed to be enchanted fruit, and the Persimmon-eating men forgot about their homeland and refused to leave.
Polyphemus the Cyclops
The wind pushed their ships to the island of the Cyclops (Sicily) where they discovered a mighty cave where they found milk, cheese, and lambs to eat. Odysseus was known for being quick-witted even in the face of adversity.
Island of Aeolus
The men of Odysseus opened a bag containing bad winds, causing a storm that swept him away; modern Greeks use the expression “opening the sac of Aeolus” to describe uncontrollable situations (akin to “opening a can of worms”).
Fleeing the Laestrygonians
Odysseus and his men were stranded on a Laestrygonian island, where they were attacked by a tribe of giants who devoured any men who approached them.
The Sorceress Circe
The wind blew Odysseus and his men to Circe’s island, and Circe grew fond of him, forcing her to convert his men back to humans. They stayed in the immortal sorceress’s palace for a long time before deciding to leave.
The Journey to the Underworld
Odysseus and his men arrived in the underworld, a place no one had ever dared to enter, and after a while, the prophet Tiresias approached him, saying, “Poseidon hates you because you blinded Cyclops Polyphemus.”
The island of Sirens
Odysseus and his men were drawn to the island of Sirens after leaving the underworld, where the creatures would enchant sailors with their sweet song and eat them if they approached. Fortunately, Circe had advised him to wax his men’s ears to drown out the sirens’ songs.
Scylla and Charybdis
The mythological sea monsters Charybdis and Skylla created whirlpools that sank ships, while Skylla curled up in her cave and ate sailors, making sailing through the Strait of Scylla nearly impossible.
The cattle of Helios
Odysseus and his remaining companions arrived on the Sun god’s island after many nights at sea, and when they ran out of food, they fasted for a few days, but one day, while he was sleeping, they slaughtered and roasted some oxen.
Calypso, the nymph who had Odysseus imprisoned for seven years, had wished to make him her immortal husband, so Zeus dispatched Hermes to Calypso and ordered her to release him; he was on his way home when he was stopped by a messenger god.
How long does it take Odysseus to journey home?
Odysseus has been away from home for twenty years; he spent ten years fighting in the Trojan War, assisting the Greeks, and it took him ten years to return home to his family after the fall of Troy; the journey included Poseidon’s shipwreck and seven years of imprisonment by Calypso.
How long was Odysseus stuck?
In Homer’s Odyssey, Calypso tries to keep Odysseus, the legendary Greek hero, on her island in order to make him her immortal husband; according to Homer, Calypso imprisoned Odysseus for seven years at Ogygia.
Why was Odysseus journey so long?
Because of Odysseus’ despicable behavior, Polyphemus petitions his father (Poseidon) to punish him, and Poseidon erects additional roadblocks that will prevent Odysseus from returning home for many years.
Does Odysseus cheat on his wife?
He was also married to Penelope the entire time he was trying to get back home, and during that time he met a witch named Circe and then a nymph named Calypso, with whom he not only cheated, but also stayed on her island for seven years until Zeus ordered her to release him.
Who killed Odysseus?
Because, in a tragic final twist, an elderly Odysseus was killed by Telegonos, his son by Circe, when he landed on Ithaca and killed his own father in battle.
Where does Odysseus stay the longest?
Calypso detained Odysseus on Ogygia for seven years, preventing him from returning to Ithaca to marry him, as described in Homer’s Odyssey. Athena complained to Zeus about Calypso’s actions, and Zeus sent the messenger Hermes to Ogygia to order Calypso to release Odysseus.
Who is Poseidon’s son?
Triton was a merman and a demigod of the sea in Greek mythology; he was the son of the sea god Poseidon and his wife Amphitrite, and he lived with his parents in a golden palace in the depths of the sea, according to the Greek poet Hesiod.
Does Odysseus sleep with Calypso?
Calypso enchants Odysseus with her singing as she walks back and forth across her weaving loom with a golden shuttle, and they sleep together during this time, though Odysseus soon wishes for things to change.
What immortal is Odysseus greatest enemy?
Poseidon, God of the Sea, is Odysseus’ greatest enemy, just as the suitors are Odysseus’ mortal adversaries.
Why are the gods angry with Odysseus?
Expert Answers Poseidon, the god of the sea, is furious with Odysseus because of Odysseus’ treatment of Poseidon’s son, the cyclops Polyphemus, who eats a few of Odysseus’ crew and imprisons the rest when Odysseus and his men land on Polyphemus’ island on their journey from Troy to Ithaca.
Why are the suitors courting Penelope?
Under the guise of courting Penelope, these young men, known as “suitors,” move into Odysseus’ home and compete for her hand in marriage, claiming she will choose a husband after she finishes weaving a funeral shroud to give to Odysseus’ father, Laertes.
Does Penelope cheat on Odysseus?
According to Pausanias, Penelope had been unfaithful to Odysseus, who banished her to Mantineia upon his return; other sources claim that while Odysseus was away, Penelope had sex with all 108 suitors, giving birth to Pan.
Who all did Odysseus sleep with?
Odysseus has affairs with a number of women (Hecuba, Circe, and Calypso), but Penelope is devoted to her husband.
Does Penelope know Odysseus cheated?
Penelope does not recognize Odysseus when he returns, and she is unsure if he is who he claims to be. Penelope’s determination to test Odysseus demonstrates that she is intelligent and not easily fooled, and she is similar to Odysseus in this regard.