Elijah McCoy was born on May 2, 1844, in Colchester, Ontario, Canada, to parents who were fugitive slaves who had escaped to Canada via the Underground Railroad from Kentucky. McCoy studied engineering in Scotland but was unable to find work in the United States. Elijah McCoy invented a lubricating cup that distributed oil evenly over the engine’s moving parts, allowing trains to run smoothly.
McCoy died on October 10, 1929, at the Eloise Infirmary in Detroit, Michigan, and is buried at Detroit Memorial Park East in Warren, Michigan.
How did Elijah McCoy grow up?
McCoy was born in 1844 in Ontario, Canada, to parents who had escaped slavery via the Underground Railroad, and grew up on a 160-acre farm with 11 siblings. The odds of earning an engineering degree and eventually becoming a famous inventor were long.
What was Elijah McCoy most famous invention?
McCoy, who had more than 50 patents to his name and was best known for inventing an automatic lubricator used on trains, was born in the mid-1840s, nearly 170 years before the office opened.
What made Elijah McCoy successful?
McCoy invented a lubricating cup that distributed oil evenly over the engine’s moving parts after studying the inefficiencies inherent in the existing system of oiling axles, and he received a patent for this invention, which allowed trains to run continuously for long periods of time without pausing for maintenance.
How did Elijah McCoy invent the automatic lubricator?
McCoy invented an automatic lubricator in 1872 that spread oil evenly over a train’s engine while it was still moving, allowing trains to run for longer periods of time without stopping, saving both time and money. McCoy was a prolific inventor, securing dozens of patents during his lifetime.
What did The real McCoy invent?
Elijah McCoy, one of the most influential inventors of the nineteenth century, created the first ironing board and lawn sprinkler system, and this July marks the 148th anniversary of his less well-known, but equally revolutionary invention u2013 the “oil-drip cup.”
Did a black man invent the steam engine?
Elijah J. McCoy (May 2, 1844 u2013 October 10, 1929) was a Canadian-born African-American inventor and engineer who was best known for his 57 US patents, the majority of which dealt with steam engine lubrication.
How did Elijah McCoy impact the world?
After the Civil War, Elijah McCoy (1843?-1929) made significant contributions to railroad locomotive design, developing new lubrication systems for steam engines in the early twentieth century.
Where did the phrase The real McCoy come from?
The phrase “The real McCoy” is thought to be a corruption of the Scots “The real MacKay,” which was first recorded in 1856 as “A drappie o’ the real MacKay” (“a drop of the real MacKay”) in a poem Deil’s Hallowe’en published in Glasgow, and is widely accepted as the phrase’s origin.
Who invented the automatic engine?
In 1872, Elijah McCoy received his first patent for an automatic lubricating device, which eliminated the need to stop engines before applying necessary lubrication.
Why is Elijah McCoy so important?
McCoy was an African-Canadian mechanical engineer and inventor best known for his groundbreaking innovations in industrial lubrication. He was born 2 May 1843 or 1844 in Colchester, Canada West, and died 10 October 1929 in Wayne County, Michigan.
Who helped Elijah McCoy’s parents escape to freedom?
His parents were slaves in Kentucky, but they were freed thanks to the anti-slavery volunteers of the Underground Railroad, who assisted them in reaching Canada. After the Civil War ended in 1865, the family returned to the United States and settled in Michigan. Elijah went to Scotland to study as a teenager.
Why do we celebrate Elijah McCoy?
Elijah McCoy was born on May 2, 1844, in Colchester, Ontario, Canada, and invented the lubricating oil cup, which allowed railroad steam engines to be lubricated without stopping the train, saving time and money.
How old was Elijah McCoy when he died?
Elijah McCoy died in Detroit on October 10, 1929, at the age of 85, after refining his invention over the next 25 years, receiving 26 patents between 1872 and 1891 for updating and modifying the lubricator cup and other inventions.