The Odyssey Hero’s Journey of Odysseus
After researching and reviewing numerous myths, Joseph Campbell, an American mythologist, articulated the Hero’s Journey, a recurring pattern of stages many heroes go through over the course of their stories. The most basic version has 12 steps, while more detailed versions can have up to 17.
Use Odysseus’ story to map the Hero’s Journey narrative structure, and describe how the chosen character’s story fits (or doesn’t) into each of the stages of the journey. Most stages and steps of the hero’s journey are accurately applied to the hero. Some knowledge of the archetypal hero is evident and has been applied, but it is not sufficient.
How did the journey change Odysseus?
He grows as a character throughout the story; by the end, he is more patient and able to put his pride aside, and he becomes more cunning, even reducing his status as King of Ithaca by disguising himself as a beggar and allowing abuse from the suitors.
How has Odysseus character changed by the end of his journey?
Odysseus’ character evolves throughout The Odyssey, becoming more cautious and less arrogant as his quest progresses; however, when Odysseus triumphs over the Cyclops Polyphemus, he displays triumphalist arrogance, putting himself and his men in danger.
What does Odysseus gain from his journey?
If we take a positive view of Odysseus, I believe he learns the value of family. Odysseus recognizes that the end of the Trojan War means he must return home to his family, and his trials and tribulations to that end demonstrate his devotion to his family.
What consequences do Odysseus face in his journey?
Odysseus faces many challenges on his journey home, including his sailors being captivated by the lotus-eaters, a battle with Polyphemus the cyclops, being caught in a storm sent by Poseidon, and being captivated by the Sirens, to name a few.
Why is Odysseus a hero?
For his role as King of Ithaca, his participation in the war, and his return journey, Odysseus is considered an epic hero. A hero possesses a superhuman ability, such as intelligence, physical strength, or bravery: Odysseus was known for his ability to think himself out of difficult situations.
What lesson did Odysseus learn from the Cyclops?
One of the lessons he learns is the dangers of arrogance and pride. Odysseus is quite proud of himself for tricking the Cyclops Polyphemus, which entailed getting the big, old giant drunk before thrusting a sharpened stake into his single eye, thus allowing him to see.
How has Odysseus changed based on his behavior?
Odysseys has learned patience and self-control based on his behavior during the supreme ordeal. Odysseus had always been arrogant about his successes and had difficulty controlling his anger, but he later changed and developed more patience and self-control after his difficult journey.
Why is Odysseus journey important?
In his quest to return home to Ithaca, Odysseus’ travels and many dangerous experiences become an epic journey in which he functions as the epic hero.
How does Odysseus become humble?
Odysseus learned a valuable lesson in humility in the Odyssey, particularly in the last five books or so of the story, when he is forced to dress, act, and live as a beggar in order to reclaim everything he has lost, and the suitors treat him horribly while he is a beggar.
What do Odysseus thoughts reveal about his journey?
What do Odysseus’ thoughts reveal about his journey? It was poorly planned, and it was full of unknowns, reminding the reader that Odysseus was an inexperienced leader.
What is Odysseus qualities that gets him into trouble?
When they arrive in the land of the Cyclops, one of the most significant ways in which Odysseus causes trouble for himself and his crew is by ignoring their pleas to take some food and return to their ship quickly.
Why does Odysseus stop telling his story to the phaeacians?
Why does Odysseus stop telling his story to the Phaeacians? He is confronted with memories of the war, and he tells Odysseus that he should not be too kind to his wife, and that some things should be kept hidden.
Why was Odysseus journey so difficult?
After Poseidon’s son, Polyphemus, captures and eats several of Odysseus’ men, Polyphemus curses Odysseus and asks his father, Poseidon, to punish him. Poseidon then makes Odysseus’ journey home extremely difficult and arduous.
How does Odysseus lose his entire crew?
Odysseus lost six men from each ship’s crew to the Ciconians at Ismarus; they were attacked at night by the survivors of the town they’d sacked, and then he lost a total of six men when the Cyclops, Polyphemus, ate them for meals, two at a time.
What will happen to Odysseus if he hears the sirens sing?
If Odysseus hears the sirens sing, he will be led to them, crash the ship, and be eaten by them, and he must tie himself to the ship’s mast.