Harriet Tubman: Timeline of Her Life, Underground Rail Service and Activism
Harriet Tubman rescued around 70 enslaved people after escaping slavery in 1849, and she also provided information to help others find their way north to freedom. During the Civil War, she worked as a nurse and a spy for the Union, as well as an advocate for women’s rights.
c. 1822: Tubman is born as Araminta “Minty” Ross in Maryland’s Dorchester County
Tubman married John Tubman, a free Black man, in 1844, and fled the United States with her brothers to escape slavery in 1849. Tubman suffered from temporal lobe epilepsy, which could explain her visions and sleeping spells.
October 1849: Tubman runs away
Harriet Tubman flees slavery in New York and arrives in Pennsylvania on September 18, 1850, escaping enslavement because Pennsylvania is a free state. Tubman assisted in the rescue of a niece and her niece’s children who were about to be sold at auction.
June 1857: Tubman brings her parents from Maryland to Canada
Tubman meets abolitionist John Brown in Canada in April 1858. Brown’s raid on the federal armory at Harper’s Ferry takes place on October 16, 1859. Tubman assists former slave Charles Nalle in eluding US marshals in Troy, New York on April 27, 1860.
c. 1863: Tubman serves as a spy for the Union
Tubman was the first woman to lead a military expedition in the United States, liberating over 700 enslaved people and destroying Confederate supplies. Tubman worked for Secretary of State William Seward after the Civil War to secure payment for her services.
June 1886: Tubman buys 25 acres of land next to her home in Auburn to create a nursing home for Black Americans.
Harriet Tubman became involved in the women’s suffrage movement in the 18th century, and Queen Victoria sent her a shawl and a medal in honor of her Diamond Jubilee. However, Tubman’s finances prevented her from traveling to England to celebrate her birthday.
How long did Harriet Tubman run the Underground Railroad?
Harriet Tubman is perhaps the most well-known of all the Underground Railroad’s “conductors,” having made 19 trips into the South over a ten-year period, escorting over 300 slaves to freedom, and “never losing a single passenger,” as she once boasted to Frederick Douglass.
How long was Harriet Tubman journey?
The Mason-Dixon Line was the demarcation of north and south, freedom and slavery, and it is unclear how long it took Harriet Tubman to travel nearly 90 miles. Who did Harriet Tubman marry? She was married twice.
How long did the Underground Railroad journey take?
It would take him 800 miles and six weeks to travel through Maryland, Pennsylvania, and New York, following in the footsteps of fugitive slaves seeking freedom in Canada.
When was Harriet Tubman’s last trip on the Underground Railroad?
Tubman makes her final trip on the Underground Railroad in December 1860. Tubman joins Union troops in South Carolina after the Civil War begins in 1862.
How many slaves escaped through the Underground Railroad?
The Underground Railroad and emancipated slaves [ an estimated 100,000 emancipated slaves]
Did Harriet Tubman get caught?
Tubman returned to the South several times and assisted dozens of people in escaping slavery; she was never apprehended and never lost a “passenger.” Tubman also supported John Brown in his failed 1859 raid on the Harpers Ferry, Virginia arsenal.
How many slaves did Harriet Tubman save?
Fact: We know that during her 13 trips to Maryland, Tubman rescued about 70 people, including family and friends, based on her own words and extensive documentation on her rescue missions.
Who created the Underground Railroad?
In the early 1800s, Quaker abolitionist Isaac T. Hopper established a network in Philadelphia that assisted fugitive slaves, while Quakers in North Carolina established abolitionist groups that laid the groundwork for escape routes and shelters.
Is Harriet Tubman still alive?
Underground Railroad conductors were free individuals who assisted fugitive slaves traveling along the Underground Railroad by providing safe passage to and from stations, all while being pursued by slave catchers.
What country was the greatest destination for the Underground Railroad?
British North America (today’s Canada) was a desirable destination because of its long border, which provided multiple points of entry, distance from slave catchers, and exemption from the United States’ Fugitive Slave Acts.
How successful was the Underground Railroad?
In both cases, the success of the Underground Railroad hastened the abolition of slavery. The Fugitive Slave Act increased Northern opposition to slavery and helped hasten the Civil War, while the Underground Railroad gave freedom to thousands of enslaved women and men and hope to tens of thousands more.
Where did the Underground Railroad end?
Fugitive Slave Act of 1850 After the Fugitive Slave Act was passed as part of the 1850 Compromise, the Underground Railroad was rerouted to Canada as its final destination.
How old was Harriet Tubman when she had her first child?
1840 u2013 Her father, Ben Ross, was manumitted at the age of 45, after she discovered that her mother’s owner’s will stipulated that she and her children be manumitted at the age of 45. Brodess refused to follow his mother’s will.
Why did Harriet Tubman free slaves?
Tubman decided to flee slavery in Maryland for Philadelphia after a bout of illness and the death of her owner, fearing further separation from her family and fearing for her own fate as a sickly slave of low economic value.