Ferdinand Magellan (c. 1480-1521) was the first European to cross the Pacific Ocean, discovering the Strait of Magellan in 1519. Magellan was killed in battle during the voyage, but his expedition demonstrated that the globe could be circled by sea.
Ferdinand Magellan’s Early Years
Magellan was born to a family of minor Portuguese nobility in Sabrosa, Portugal, and took part in several expeditions to India and Africa, including one in 1513 when he joined King Manuel’s massive 500-ship, 15,000-soldier force.
Magellan: From Portugal to Spain
In 1517, Portuguese explorer Ferdinand Magellan set out to become the first European to reach the Spice Islands, renounced his Portuguese citizenship and moved to Spain to seek royal support for his expedition, which King Charles I granted with the same favor shown to Christopher Columbus in 1492.
Strait of Magellan
On August 10, 1519, Magellan bid his wife and young son farewell as the Armada De Moluccas set sail from Sanlu00facar de Barrameda, Spain, with only one ship returning three years later, carrying only 18 of the original crew.
Magellan: Circumnavigating the Globe
Magellan’s fleet was the first known Europeans to see the ocean beyond South America, taking three months to slowly cross the vast Mar Pacifico, where he befriended the locals of Cebu and attempted to convert them to Christianity.
Impact of Ferdinand Magellan
Magellan’s expedition provided far more than just spices to Europeans; it also greatly expanded European geographic knowledge; his slave Enrique was the first person to circumnavigate the globe in one direction, from point A to point A.
How did Magellan die?
Ferdinand Magellan He wasn’tu2014he outlined the voyage’s navigation but died en route in the Philippines during a skirmish. Ferdinand Magellan was killed by a poison arrow during a skirmish on the island of Mactan in what is now the Philippines on April 27, 1521.
What happened to Magellan on his great journey?
On the voyage, Magellan was killed in battle, but his ambitious expedition demonstrated that the globe could be circumnavigated by sea and that the world was much larger than previously thought.
Is Magellan a hero?
While Spain views Portuguese explorer Ferdinand Magellan as a hero for leading the first voyage to circumnavigate the globe, the Philippines views him differently, with many Filipinos remembering him as the voyager who died at the hands of a Filipino hero.
What is the main reason why King Philip sent Magellan to a trip?
The Spanish king tasked Magellan with discovering a new route to the Moluccas that was not the same as the Portuguese’s and bringing Spain into the spice trade.
What are the 5 ships of Magellan?
Magellan set sail with 270 men and five ships in the Atlantic on October 10, 1519: the Trinidad (commanded by Magellan), the San Antonio, the Victoria, the Conception, and the Santiago.
Who was the first person to circumnavigate the world?
Ferdinand Magellan (1480u20131521) was a Portuguese explorer who is credited with planning the world’s first circumnavigation expedition, which was sponsored by Spain and set out west across the Atlantic in search of the East Indies.
Who really discovered the Philippines?
In 1521, Ferdinand Magellan, a Portuguese explorer sailing for Spain, claimed the Philippines for Spain, naming the islands after King Philip II of Spain.
How did Magellan’s voyage change the world?
The explorer and his crew observed two galaxies visible to the naked eye from the southern hemisphere, now known as the Magellanic Clouds, while crossing the Magellan Strait, contributing to European knowledge of the universe and leaving an indelible mark on the worlds of space exploration and astronomy to this day.
Who came to the Philippines on March 16 1521?
Ferdinand Magellan arrived on the island of Homonhon on March 16, 1521, as the first European to discover the Philippines and trade with Rajah Humabon, the island’s king, who welcomed Magellan’s attempt to convert the Philippines to Christianity.
Should Magellan be remembered as a hero or a villain?
Ferdinand Magellan was a hero throughout his valiant career as a soldier and sailor because of his selfless acts for the good of others, his strong will against those who opposed him, and his perseverance in the face of adversity.
What is the character of Magellan?
THE CHARACTERS: MAGELLAN He was a legendary sailor even when he was alive, having fought in thousands of battles and navigated almost everywhere, including the Malucas Islands, and has led the expedition that will sail around the world until the end of his days.
Why did Magellan approach the King of Spain quizlet?
Magellan, by this time an experienced sailor, approached King Manuel of Portugal to seek his support for a westward voyage to the Spice Islands, but the king repeatedly refused his petition, so Magellan renounced his Portuguese citizenship and relocated to Spain in 1517 to seek royal support for his venture.