The Odysseus’ Journey – See the True Map
Odysseus begins his journey back to Ithaca after his contribution to the Trojan War, and after many adventures and losses, he is the only one who succeeds in returning to Ithaca. But was it bad luck, or was there a reason for this?
THE ARDUOUS JOURNEY HOME
Odysseus began his long journey home after the Trojan War ended; everyone else had returned to their loved ones except him, and he wandered for ten years through seas and countries far away from home until he arrived in Ithaca, where his comrades fought and died.
The gods sent wild winds to push Odysseus and his men north into the land of the Cicones, killing many. Clearly, the lack of prudence and sobriety had cost many good men their lives.
The lotus eaters
Odysseus and his men sailed across the sea to Africa, where they met the Lotus Eaters, who gave them persimmons, which were later revealed to be enchanted fruit, and the Persimmon-eating men forgot about their homeland and refused to leave.
Polyphemus the Cyclops
The wind pushed their ships to the island of the Cyclops (Sicily) where they discovered a mighty cave where they found milk, cheese, and lambs to eat. Odysseus was known for being quick-witted even in the face of adversity.
Island of Aeolus
The men of Odysseus opened a bag containing bad winds, causing a storm that swept him away; modern Greeks use the expression “opening the sac of Aeolus” to describe uncontrollable situations (akin to “opening a can of worms”).
Fleeing the Laestrygonians
Odysseus and his men were stranded on a Laestrygonian island, where they were attacked by a tribe of giants who devoured any men who approached them.
The Sorceress Circe
The wind blew Odysseus and his men to Circe’s island, and Circe grew fond of him, forcing her to convert his men back to humans. They stayed in the immortal sorceress’s palace for a long time before deciding to leave.
The Journey to the Underworld
Odysseus and his men arrived in the underworld, a place no one had ever dared to enter, and after a while, the prophet Tiresias approached him, saying, “Poseidon hates you because you blinded Cyclops Polyphemus.”
The island of Sirens
Odysseus and his men were drawn to the island of Sirens after leaving the underworld, where the creatures would enchant sailors with their sweet song and eat them if they approached. Fortunately, Circe had advised him to wax his men’s ears to drown out the sirens’ songs.
Scylla and Charybdis
The mythological sea monsters Charybdis and Skylla created whirlpools that sank ships, while Skylla curled up in her cave and ate sailors, making sailing through the Strait of Scylla nearly impossible.
The cattle of Helios
Odysseus and his remaining companions arrived on the Sun god’s island after many nights at sea, and when they ran out of food, they fasted for a few days, but one day, while he was sleeping, they slaughtered and roasted some oxen.
Calypso, the nymph who had Odysseus imprisoned for seven years, had wished to make him her immortal husband, so Zeus dispatched Hermes to Calypso and ordered her to release him; he was on his way home when he was stopped by a messenger god.
Back in Ithaca
Odysseus arrives in Ithaca after ten years, his palace crowded with suitors vying for his wife, Penelope, and the moment he realizes he is her long-lost husband is one of the best parts of the Odyssey.
LESSONS FROM THE LIFE OF THE GREEK HERO
Odysseus, the King of Ithaca, was known for his unrivaled wit, which contributed to the end of the long Trojan War; he was a model of perseverance, courage, and intelligence, and the Odyssey is widely regarded as the best work of fiction ever written.
How long should Odysseus journey have taken?
Odysseus fought in the Trojan War for ten years, then returned to Ithaca after the fall of Troy, a journey that should have taken only a few weeks but took ten years.
Why was Odysseus journey so long?
Because of Odysseus’ despicable behavior, Polyphemus petitions his father (Poseidon) to punish him, and Poseidon erects additional roadblocks that will prevent Odysseus from returning home for many years.
Is Odysseus gone for 20 years?
King Odysseus of Ithaca has been gone from home for 20 years, the first ten of which he spent fighting heroically and victorious with the Greeks in the Trojan War, and the last ten of which he spent attempting to return home. With Odysseus gone, everything he owns u2014 his kingship, wealth, home, and wife and son u2014 is in jeopardy.
What did Odysseus do on his journey?
Odysseus leads his men to the underworld, where he summons the prophet Tiresias, who informs Odysseus of Poseidon’s curse and warns him that the journey back to his home will be difficult; he also interacts with his mother, who informs him of the suitors in his home.
What immortal is Odysseus greatest enemy?
Poseidon, God of the Sea, is Odysseus’ greatest enemy, just as the suitors are Odysseus’ mortal adversaries.
Why are the suitors courting Penelope?
Under the guise of courting Penelope, these young men, known as “suitors,” move into Odysseus’ home and compete for her hand in marriage, claiming she will choose a husband after she finishes weaving a funeral shroud to give to Odysseus’ father, Laertes.
Who keeps Odysseus a prisoner for 7 years?
Calypso enchants Odysseus with her singing as she moves from side to side, weaving on her loom with a golden shuttle, according to Homer, and Odysseus soon wishes for things to change.
What is wrong with Ivan?
The novel’s final rejection of Ivan’s skeptical way of life is represented by his subsequent collapse into hallucination and madness; when the novel ends, Ivan is feverish and unconscious, having been taken home by Katerina to recuperate, and his future is uncertain.
Who killed Odysseus?
Because, in a tragic final twist, an elderly Odysseus was killed by Telegonos, his son by Circe, when he landed on Ithaca and killed his own father in battle.
What happened to Odysseus wife and son during his absence?
Since the Ithacan fleet went missing after the victory at Troy, Odysseus and all his men are presumed dead, making Penelope the most eligible “widow” in Ithaca, Greg Jackson, M.A. Odysseus’ long absence certainly causes many problems for his wife, Penelope, and son, Telemachus.
Why did the gods hate Odysseus?
Odysseus is hated by the god Poseidon because he blinded Poseidon’s son, the Cyclops Polyphemus, and then told the monster his true name out of pride so that the monster could tell others who had outsmarted him. Polyphemus then prayed to his father, Poseidon, to punish Odysseus.
Who is Poseidon’s son?
Triton was a merman and a demigod of the sea in Greek mythology; he was the son of the sea god Poseidon and his wife Amphitrite, and he lived with his parents in a golden palace in the depths of the sea, according to the Greek poet Hesiod.
What is Odysseus tragic flaw?
One of his tragic flaws is hubris (an overbearing arrogance or misguided pride), which is one of several distinguishing characteristics.