Christopher Columbus set sail from Spain in 1492 on four voyages across the Atlantic Ocean, determined to find a direct water route west from Europe to Asia, but instead discovered the Americas. His voyages marked the start of centuries of exploration and colonization.
The Age of Discovery
Starting around 1420, small Portuguese ships known as caravels zipped along the African coast, eager to share in the riches of the “Far East.” Other European nations, particularly Spain, were eager to share in the riches of the “Far East.”
Christopher Columbus: Early Life
Christopher Columbus is thought to have been born in Genoa, Italy, in 1451, and got a job on a merchant ship when he was still a teenager. He stayed at sea until 1476, when his ship was attacked by pirates as it sailed north along the Portuguese coast.
The First Voyage
Columbus sought fame and fortune by claiming that the Earth’s circumference was much smaller than his contemporaries thought. He presented his plan to officials in Portugal and England, but found sympathetic ears in Ferdinand of Aragon and Isabella of Castile.
Niña, Pinta and Santa Maria
Columbus and his crew set sail from Spain in three ships on August 3, 1492, and spent months sailing from island to island in what is now the Caribbean, keeping a detailed diary of everything from wildlife to weather to the moods of his crew.
Christopher Columbus’s Later Voyages
He found the Hispaniola settlement destroyed and left it to his brothers to rebuild it, sending 500 slaves to Queen Isabella of Spain in exchange for riches.
Legacy of Christopher Columbus
The Columbian Exchange brought people, animals, food, and disease from Africa to Latin America, where African coffee and sugar cane became cash crops, and American foods like corn, tomatoes, and potatoes were introduced into European diets.
How long was the journey from England to America?
From their departure on September 6 to the sighting of Cape Cod on November 9, 1620, the voyage across the Atlantic Ocean took 66 days.
How long did the journey from Holland to America take?
Colonists sailed from the Netherlands to North America on ships that took between 50 and 120 days to cross the Atlantic Ocean, depending on the weather, winds, enemy encounters, and the ship’s condition.
How long did the Ellis Island journey take?
The journey to Ellis Island: arrival in New York In the middle of the nineteenth century, sailing ships took up to 12 weeks to cross to America or Canada; by the end of the century, the journey to Ellis Island took only 7 to 10 days; by 1911, the shortest passage, made in the summer, was down to 5 days; the longest was 9 days.
How long did it take to sail from England to America in the 1940s?
While it took one to two months for a sailing ship to cross the Atlantic, the first steamships did so in just 15 days.
What 3 ships did the Pilgrims sail on?
Take a trip back 400 years to December 1606 when three ships u2013 the Susan Constant, the Discovery, and the Godspeed u2013 set sail for the New World from England.
Where is the original Mayflower ship now?
The ship arrived at the Henry B. duPont Preservation Shipyard in Mystic, CT in December 2015 for restoration, and returned to Plymouth temporarily for the 2016 summer season before returning permanently in 2020, just in time for the 400th anniversary of the pilgrims’ arrival.
How much did a steerage ticket cost in 1900?
Many immigrants traveled on prepaid tickets sent by relatives already in America; others purchased tickets from the steamship lines’ small army of traveling salesmen. By 1900, the average price of a steerage ticket was around $30.
What did immigrants eat on the ship ride to America?
The sea voyage to the United States for most immigrants who didn’t travel first- or second-class was far from a cruise ship with lavish buffets, with passengers in steerage surviving on “lukewarm soups, black bread, boiled potatoes, herring or stringy beef,” according to Bernardin.
Who was born on the Mayflower?
Oceanus Hopkins (c. 1620 – 1627) was the only child born on the Mayflower during the historic voyage that brought the English Pilgrims to America; another boy, Peregrine White, was born on board after the ship had arrived in America and was born while the ship was at anchor.
Why did they stop using Ellis Island?
Strict immigration quotas were enacted after the Immigration Act of 1924, and Ellis Island was downgraded from a primary inspection center to an immigrant-detention center, housing only those who were to be detained or deported (see Mass detentions and deportations).
Is Ellis Island still used for immigration?
The gateway to America, Ellis Island, closes its doors on November 12, 1954, after processing more than 12 million immigrants since its opening in 1892.
How much did a steerage ticket cost in 1800?
Each steerage ticket cost about $30, and because feeding each immigrant cost only about 60 cents per day, steamship companies made huge profits–they could make a net profit of $45,000 to $60,000 on each crossing.
How fast did pirate ships go mph?
With a range of about 100 to 140 miles per day and a ground speed of about 4 to 6 knots, this equates to a range of about 100 to 140 miles per day.
How fast did ships go in the 1600s?
They ranged in capacity from 600 to 1500 tons, but averaged 120 miles per day at a speed of 4-5 knots.
Can you sail to America from UK?
You can take a ship from the UK to cross the Atlantic; I’m an American living in England who has been flying to North Carolina for 30 years.