Hero’s Journey 101: Definition and Step-by-Step Guide (With Checklist!)
The Hero’s Journey is an age-old story structure that can be found in everything from Theseus and the Minotaur to The Lion King. In this post, we’ll show you how to make this classic plot work for you u2014 and summarize everything in a handy infographic.
What is the Hero’s Journey?
The Hero’s Journey, also known as the monomyth, is a common story structure. In 1949, Joseph Campbell coined the three stages of the hero’s journey, and in his book The Writer’s Journey, Christopher Vogler refined Campbell’s original structure, defining 12 stages.
The 12 Steps of the Hero’s Journey
The Hero’s Journey is a story structure that applies across mediums and genres, and we’ve used the 1976 film Rocky as an example to show how it can be used outside of your average sword-and-sorcery novel.
1. Ordinary World
Before our Hero discovers a strange new world, we must first comprehend the status quo: their ordinary, mundane reality. It is up to this first leg to set the scene, introducing the Hero to readers and setting the stage for the rest of the story.
2. Call to Adventure
The Hero is confronted with a problem or challenge that they can’t ignore, which can take many forms, as Campbell points out in Hero with a Thousand Faces. The stakes of the adventure and the goals become clear.
Rocky: Call to Adventure:
The undisputed World Heavyweight Champion is Apollo Creed.
3. Refusal of the Call
In Star Wars, Luke Skywalker initially refuses to join Obi-Wan on his mission to rescue the princess because it is risky and there are perils u2014 such as spiders, trolls, or a creepy uncle waiting back at Pride Rock.
4. Meeting the Mentor
Mentors are people who help the Hero avoid making a fool of themselves by providing practical training, profound wisdom, or a kick in the pants. Mentors can take many forms, ranging from witches to hermits to suburban karate instructors.
Rocky: Meeting the Mentor
Mickey “Mighty Mick” Goldmill, a former boxer, sees potential in Rocky and begins training him for the fight to save his life.
5. Crossing the First Threshold
The Departure stage is when the Hero’s speed really picks up, and there’s no turning back now. Take a moment to re-assess your bearings before continuing into unfamiliar territory.
6. Tests, Allies, Enemies
Spencer, Bethany, “Fridge,” and Martha run into a herd of bloodthirsty hippos in Jumanji: Welcome to the Jungle, while Marlin and Dory encounter three “reformed” sharks, are shocked by jellyfish, and are swallowed by a blue whale in Harry Potter.
What is the plot structure the hero’s journey?
The hero’s journey is a common narrative archetype, or story template, in which a hero embarks on an adventure, learns a lesson, triumphs with his newfound knowledge, and returns home transformed.
What are the 12 stages of a hero’s journey?
The Hero’s Journey Has 12 Stages
- Call To Adventure.
- Refusal Of The Call.
- Meeting The Mentor.
- Crossing The Threshold.
- Tests, Allies, and Enemies.
- Approach To The Inmost Cave.
What are the 8 steps of a hero’s journey?
There are eight terms in this set.
- Return with a gift.
- The call. A problem is presented, and the hero cannot remain in the ordinary world.
- The call.
How do the elements of plot structure connect to the hero’s journey?
The Hero’s Journey is a plot and character development model in which the hero undergoes inner and outer transformations as she travels the world, with the outer journey following the external plot line and including all of the obstacles she encounters on her way to her goal.
What are the 3 stages of a hero’s journey?
The Departure (or Separation), the Initiation, and the Return, according to Campbell, are the three main stages, each of which consists of several steps. During the Departure, the hero is introduced as they are presented with and prepare for their journey.
What is an example of a hero’s journey?
You’ll recognize the stages of the hero’s journey in the Old English poem Beowulf: Ordinary world – Beowulf’s ordinary world is Greatland. Call to adventure – Beowulf heard stories of Grendel, who had killed many men.
What is the treasure in a hero’s journey?
The Hero receives the reward/treasure he earned by facing his greatest challenge, indicating his victory over the Antagonist; this reward/treasure is what the Hero set out on the journey to obtain (it does not have to be material).
How do you use the hero’s journey?
What is the best way to write a hero’s journey?
- First, create your hero. Forget about the traditional meanings of the word ‘hero,’ and let your imagination run wild.
- Then, give them a goal. Remember, stories exist on a literal level first and foremost.
- Finally, lay out the four quadrants of the story cycle.
What is the crisis in the hero’s journey?
The crisis, also known as a midpoint, marks a turning point in the hero’s journey: the summit of the mountain, the heart of the forest, the depths of the ocean, the most secret place in his soul; everything in the journey must lead up to this point, and everything afterward is about returning home.
Why is the hero’s journey used?
Understanding our own hero’s journey and being able to recognize and respond to the call to adventure can help us become positive change agents for ourselves, others, and our community.
What is the resolution in the hero’s journey?
When the main problem is solved, there is little room for the story to continue in an engaging way; when a story reaches resolution, conflicts are resolved in some way (for better or worse), and loose ends are sufficiently tied up.
Who coined the term hero’s journey?
The Monomyth, also known as “The Hero’s Journey,” is a term coined by Joseph Campbell that examines the stages of a hero who embarks on an adventure, faces a crisis, overcomes it, and returns victorious.
What are the 7 plot points?
The Back Story, the Catalyst, the Big Event (which we’ve already discussed), the Midpoint, the Crisis, the Climax, and the Realization are the Magnificent 7 Plot Points, which are: the Back Story, the Catalyst, the Big Event (which we’ve already discussed), the Midpoint, the Crisis, the Climax, and the Realization.
What is approach in hero’s Journey?
The Approach: The hero’s initial plan to deal with the central conflict begins, but setbacks force him to try a new approach or adopt new ideas. The Ordeal: Things go wrong, and more conflict is introduced, forcing the hero to face more difficult hurdles and obstacles, some of which may lead to a life crisis.
Do all stories follow the hero’s journey?
Unfortunately, not every story follows this path; not every story is a Hero’s Journey, but every story fits within the structural concepts outlined in the Dramatica theory of storyif it has something meaningful to say.