Heracles (Hercules): The Twelve Labors The Hero’s Journey
The Hero’s Journey is a structure that many myths and stories follow, and the story of Heracles’ Twelve Labors fits almost perfectly into it. Chris Vogler condensed Joseph Campbell’s 17 stages into 12, which we’ll use for this story.
Stage 2: Call to Adventure
The King of Thebes is so pleased with Heracles that he allows him to marry his daughter.
Stage 3: Refusal
Hera, Zeus’ wife, despises Heracles with the zeal of a thousand fires, which causes him to act in some seriously un-heroic ways, to the point where you could argue that he is refusing his role as “hero” by acting in such a heinous manner.
Stage 4: Meeting with the Mentor
Heracles, the Greek god of war, is told that by serving King Eurystheus of Argos, he can atone or make amends for his crimes.
Stage 5: Crossing the Threshold
King Eurystheus of Argos chooses Heracles, the Greek god of thunder and lightning, to atone for the crimes he has committed, and tells him that he must successfully complete ten labors in order to be released from his servitude.
Stage 7: Approach to Inmost Cave
Heracles’ tenth and final labor requires him to travel to Erytheia, which is literally on the edge of the world, and requires him to sail across the Atlantic Ocean, which he is completely unafraid to do.
Stage 8: Ordeal
Heracles’ final mission is to bring Cerberus, the vicious three-headed guard dog, to the surface; in other words, Heracles must travel to the underworld and return alive.
Stage 11: Resurrection
Some say that after completing these twelve labors, Heracles becomes immortal.
How does Hercules fit the hero archetype?
Because of the mythological nature of his story, he is the perfect archetypal hero: from his upbringing to the series of unfortunate events that led to his untimely call to adventure, he embodies all of the qualities that make him a perfect archetypal character and hero.
What does the hero’s journey symbolize?
The hero’s journey, or monomyth, is a common template of stories that involve a hero who goes on an adventure, triumphs in a decisive crisis, and returns home changed or transformed in narratology and comparative mythology.
Why is Hercules considered a hero?
Some consider Hercules to be one of the greatest heroes of all time, and he may have been one of the first archetypal epic heroes as defined by the ancient Greeks, with extraordinary strength, the ability to complete impossible tasks, and the ultimate reward of eternal life on Mount Olympus.
What is Heracles call to adventure?
The call to adventure in Hercules begins when Hercules realizes his uniqueness in comparison to everyone else and learns that he was abandoned on the street, prompting him to seek out his real parents. The call to adventure really begins when Hercules prays to Zeus to find his parents.
Why is Hercules not a hero?
Herakles possessed godlike qualities, but he acted in the best interests of humans, using his strength for the greater good. Herakles’ behavior was not always appropriate for a hero/role model, as he was frequently depicted as a dull-witted, ill-tempered brute who committed evil deeds.
How did Hercules lose his powers?
Although he was born a god, Hercules was considered a demigod during his time at Prometheus Academy, as he would not age, grow sick, or be permanently harmed by any known force. He first lost this power when Hades attempted to make him mortal as a baby, and again when he chose to live his life with Meg.
Why is the hero’s journey so important?
The Hero’s Journey, however, is as much an emotional or psychological journey as it is a physical one, and a character’s actions and decisions in response to the Journey’s Stages can reveal the Character Arc, or the stages of growth that a character goes through during the story.
What are the 3 stages of a hero’s journey?
The Departure (or Separation), the Initiation, and the Return, according to Campbell, are the three main stages, each of which consists of several steps. During the Departure, the hero is introduced as they are presented with and prepare for their journey.
What symbolizes a hero?
A hero is a person who is always eager to do his best regardless of difficulties, a person who is always brave and courageous and is admired by many people, and who possesses qualities such as courage, self-control, selflessness, self-sacrifice, and a strong sense of self-respect.
Who killed Heracles?
Hera sent two witches to stop the birth, but they were tricked and sent to another room by one of Alcmene’s servants; Hera then sent serpents to kill him in his cradle, but Hercules strangled them both.
Is Hercules a true hero?
Hercules (also known as Heracles or Herakles in Greek mythology) is one of the most well-known heroes in Greek and Roman mythology. His life was not easyu2013he faced many trials and completed many difficult tasksu2013but his suffering was rewarded with the promise of eternal life among the gods at Mount Olympus.
What are the 12 labors of Hercules in order?
The Labors of the Twelve
- Defeat the Stymphalian Birds. Defeat the Nemean Lion. Defeat the Lernean Hydra.
- Capture the Golden Hind.
- Capture the Erymanthian Boar.
- Clean the Stables of King Augeas.
- Bring Back the Mares of Diomedes.
How is the myth of Hercules a quest?
u201cHercules’ Questu201d is an ancient Greek myth that, like many myths, sends its hero on a quest, at the end of which the hero learns an important life lesson, which is the story’s theme.
What was Hercules approach?
Approach to the Inmost Cave Hades requests that Hercules take a day off from helping and saving people in exchange for Meg’s freedom and assurance that she will not be harmed; Hercules agrees in exchange for Meg’s freedom and gives up his powers for 24 hours.