Trail of Tears
Nearly 125,000 Native Americans lived on millions of acres of land in the southeastern United States in the 1830s, when the federal government forcibly removed them from their homelands and forced them to walk hundreds of miles to “Indian territory,” a difficult and often deadly journey known as the Trail of Tears.
The ‘Indian Problem’
Some officials believed that the best way to solve the “Indian problem” was to “civilize” them, and many Choctaw, Chickasaw, Seminole, Creek, and Cherokee in the southeastern United States embraced these customs.
In 1830, Andrew Jackson signed the Indian Removal Act, which required the government to negotiate removal treaties in a fair, voluntary, and peaceful manner. However, Jackson and his government disobeyed the letter of the law and forcibly removed Native Americans from lands they had lived on for generations, killing thousands of people in the process.
The Trail of Tears
The federal government forcibly removed the Creeks from their homeland for the last time in 1836; 3,500 of the 15,000 Creeks who set out for Oklahoma died on the journey, and only about 2,000 Cherokees had left Georgia for Indian Territory by 1838.
Can You Walk The Trail of Tears?
The Trail of Tears stretches over 5,000 miles across nine states, with sections accessible by foot, horseback, bicycle, or car.
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How long did the Trail of Tears journey last?
Although the treaty called for the removal of “all white people who have intruded, or may hereafter intrude on the lands of the Cherokees,” the United States instead forcibly removed over 15,000 Cherokees in 1838 and 1839.
How long did the Trail of Tears start and end?
The Trail of Tears (1837u20131839) was a forced westward migration of American Indian tribes from the South and Southeast, guided by policies favored by President Andrew Jackson, who led the country from 1828 to 1837.
When did the Trail of Tears journey end?
Cherokee Indians reached the end of the “Trail of Tears” on March 26, 1839, a forced migration from their ancestral home in the Smoky Mountains to the Oklahoma Territory.
How many died on the Trail of Tears?
The Trail of Tears claimed the lives of at least 3,000 Native Americans. Here are seven facts about this infamous chapter in American history. Cherokee Indians were forcibly removed from their homelands in the 1830s.
Who is the most famous Cherokee Indian?
Among the most well-known Cherokees throughout history:
- Will Rogers (1879u20131935), famed journalist and entertainer.
- Sequoyah (1767u20131843), Cherokee leader and inventor of the Cherokee writing system that transformed the tribe from an illiterate people to one of the best educated in the country during the early to mid 1800s.
Which President signed the Indian Removal Act into law?
President Andrew Jackson signed the Indian Removal Act into law on May 28, 1830, allowing him to grant lands west of the Mississippi in exchange for Indian lands within existing state borders. While some tribes went peacefully, many others fought the policy.
Why did Andrew Jackson do the Trail of Tears?
Jackson pursued a policy of displacing Indian tribes from their ancestral lands, both as a military leader and as President, in order to make room for settlers and, often, land speculators who profited handsomely from the purchase and sale of land.
Why was the Trail of Tears so bad?
Because of the devastating effects of the forced march, the Cherokee people named it the “Trail of Tears.” The migrants faced hunger, disease, and exhaustion on the forced march, and over 4,000 out of 15,000 Cherokees died. It commemorates the Cherokee people’s suffering under forced removal.
Why did the Cherokee call their forced move the Trail of Tears apex?
The Cherokee nation was forced to give up its lands east of the Mississippi River and migrate to an area in present-day Oklahoma as part of Andrew Jackson’s Indian removal policy in 1838 and 1839. The Cherokee people called this journey the “Trail of Tears” because of its devastating effects.
What stopped the Trail of Tears?
By 1836, The Ridge had signed a removal treaty that was contested within the Cherokee nation, and the westward exodus had begun. General Winfield Scott accelerated the removal by placing many Indians in stockades along the way, and the Trail of Tears ended in Oklahoma.
What happened after the Indian Removal Act of 1830?
The Cherokee worked together to stop the relocation, but were unsuccessful; they were eventually forcibly removed by the United States government in a march to the west that became known as the Trail of Tears. The Indian Removal Act was signed into law by United States President Andrew Jackson on May 28, 1830.
How did the Indian Removal Act affect Native American?
The act gave the president the authority to give Indian tribes unsettled western prairie land in exchange for their desirable territories within state borders (especially in the Southeast), from which they would be removed.
How many Native Americans are left?
Today, there are over five million Native Americans in the United States, with 78% of them living outside reservations. The states with the largest Native American populations are California, Arizona, and Oklahoma, with the majority of Native Americans living in small towns or rural areas.
How many natives died in America?
Thornton stated in the following email exchange that he believes about 12 million Indigenous people died in what is now the coterminous United States between 1492 and 1900, 60 which is nearly 2.5 times the estimated decline in the Indigenous population at the time.
What does scalped mean in death?
In scalping, the skin around the crown of the head was cut and removed from the enemy’s skull, usually resulting in death. A scalp was often thought to bestow the possessor with the powers of the scalped enemy, in addition to its value as a war trophy.