Who financed Shackleton’s expeditions?
Ernest Shackleton had no money of his own and relied heavily on donations from wealthy businessmen and philanthropists to fund his expeditions. Shackleton named mountains, glaciers, and boats after the people who made it all possible.
Sir William Beardmore
Shackleton was employed in a quasi-public relations role on the Clyde by William Beardmore, one of Britain’s most powerful industrialists, in 1906. He lent Shackleton $37,000 to help fund his Nimrod expedition (1907-09), which was Shackleton’s greatest geographical achievement.
Sir James Caird
Shackleton’s Trans-Antarctic expedition was funded by a cheque from James Caird, who was related to Victorian artists John Ruskin and Sir John Everett Millais through marriage. Shackleton named one of his three lifeboats James Caird after his generous backer.
Frank Dudley Docker, a hugely successful entrepreneur whose business empire stretched from BSA motorcycles to arms manufacturing, gave Shackleton his first significant chunk of money for the Imperial Trans-Antarctic Expedition. His donation of 310,000 effectively set the ball rolling and began Shackleton’s frantic search for money.
Dame Janet Stancomb-Wills
Janet Stancomb-Wills was a powerful and wealthy woman who donated money to Shackleton’s Endurance expedition and became his confidante. She never revealed how much she gave, but Shackleton named one of the ship’s lifeboats after her.
John Quiller Rowett
In the 1930s, John Quiller Rowett and Ernest Shackleton were both students at Dulwich College in London, and while Shackleton was exploring Antarctica, Rowett was building a successful Gloucestershire business.
Who funded Shackleton’s expedition?
Sir James Caird was a wealthy Dundee jute manufacturer whose personal cheque for u00a324,000 (roughly u00a32 million in today’s money) was instrumental in launching Shackleton’s ambitious Imperial Trans-Antarctic Expedition (1914-17).
How much did Shackleton’s expedition cost?
Sir James Caird Shackleton had written to Caird requesting a u00a350 donation, but Caird promised u00a310,000, which was later increased to u00a324,000, which is worth many millions today.
How did Shackleton get home?
Shackleton became seriously ill and had to return home, but he had gained valuable experience. Shackleton’s crew had already abandoned the ship to live on the floating ice, so they set off in three small boats in April 1916, eventually arriving at Elephant Island, where Shackleton took five crew members to seek help.
How did Ernest Shackleton plan his expedition?
Shackleton’s plan called for two parties and two ships: the Weddell Sea party would travel aboard Endurance to the Vahsel Bay area, where 14 men would land, six of whom would form the transcontinental party under Shackleton.
Who first explored Antarctica?
The first person to set foot on Antarctic land was John Davis, a sealer and explorer, in 1821. The race to find Antarctica sparked competition to find the South Poleu2014and stoked another rivalry. Norwegian explorer Roald Amundsen discovered it on December 14, 1911.
What was Shackleton’s boat called?
The Endurance ship, which went missing during Antarctic explorer Ernest Shackleton’s ill-fated expedition in 1914-17, is believed to be sunk at the bottom of the Weddell Sea.
How long was Shackleton’s journey?
The crew arrived safely on land after nearly 500 days at sea, making Shackleton a fascinating historical figure whose travels continue to fascinate historians.
Why did the endurance sink?
The Endurance was under heavy ice pressure and was not in a good position; instead of being able to slip upwards with the increasing pressure, the ice had her, and she sprung a leak. The first real damage was to the stern-post, which twisted with the planking buckling in the same area.
What was Shackleton’s goal?
Sir Ernest H. Shackleton and 27 men under his command set sail from South Georgia Island in the South Atlantic on the barque Endurance on December 5, 1914, with the goal of becoming the first to land on the Antarctic continent and cross it. The North Pole had been reached in 1909, and the South Pole in 1911.
How many of Shackleton’s men died?
Shackleton returned to Elephant Island on August 25, 1916, to rescue the remaining crew members; astonishingly, none of his 28-man team died during their nearly two-year stranding.
What happened to the survivors of the Endurance?
“The end of the Endurance had come,” Ernest Shackleton declared on October 27, 1915, as the ship shuddered in its final death throes, impaled by ice ramrods and crushed by the unrelenting pressure of the pack. Her crew fled the crippled hulk, now castaways in a barren land.
Where is the Endurance ship now?
After the Endurance was crushed by ice in 1915, Shackleton and his crew abandoned the ship, which now lies at the bottom of the Weddell Sea, a large bay in western Antarctica.
What happens in Shackleton’s journey?
In August 1914, Ernest Shackleton and his brave crew set out on what would be the last expedition of the Heroic Age of Antarctic Exploration, crossing the frozen wastelands of Antarctica, facing unimaginable dangers such as ferocious seas, uncharted mountains, ice and snow.
Where is the James Caird boat now?
The James Caird is now on display at Dulwich College, Dulwich Common, London SE21 7LD, in the Laboratory.
What were Ernest Shackleton’s expeditions?
Sir Ernest Henry Shackleton is best known as a polar explorer who led four expeditions to Antarctica, the most famous of which was the Trans-Antarctic (Endurance) Expedition (1914u201316), which, despite its failure, became famous as a story of incredible perseverance and survival.