Marco Polo and his family traveled extensively from Europe to Asia between 1271 and 1295, spending 17 of those years in China before departing in 1292, acting as escort to a Mongol princess who was being sent to Persia.
Polo was born in 1254 in Venice, Italy, and traveled the world with his father and uncle, Niccolo and Maffeo Polo. Polo’s account of the Orient provided westerners with their first clear picture of the geography and customs of the East. After four years, the Polos arrived in China and Kublai Khan’s summer palace known as Xanadu.
Polo the Explorer
Kublai Khan employed Polo as a special envoy for many years, and he marveled at the empire’s use of paper money and was in awe of its economy. Polo was sent to far-flung areas of Asia never before explored by Europeans, including Burma, India, and Tibet.
Journey Back to Europe
They were given the task of escorting a Mongol princess to Persia, where she was to marry a Persian prince, and they arrived in Venice after a two-year journey.
Family and Kids
Because of his exploits on horseback after his release from prison in 1299, he became known as the Vincenzo Polo.
Polo died at his home in Venice on January 8, 1324, after a long battle with Alzheimer’s disease. Friends and fans begged him to admit that his book was fiction as he lay dying. “I have not told half of what I saw,” he said.
Researchers, academics, and other explorers have corroborated his accounts, and two centuries after his death, Christopher Columbus set sail across the Atlantic in search of a new route to the Orient.
Did Marco Polo spent 24 years in China?
Marco Polo spent 24 years abroad, and despite not being the first European to visit China (his father and uncle, among others, had already done so), he became famous for his travels thanks to a popular book he co-wrote while imprisoned in Genoa.
How old was Marco when he traveled to China?
Marco’s father and uncle returned home when he was 15, and the Polo brothers decided to return to Asia, this time with 17-year-old Marco, despite the Pope’s refusal to grant their request.
How long did it take Marco Polo to travel the Silk Road?
Marco described the exotic sights and amazing resources of the Spice Islands (Indonesia) during the three-year voyage, and when he returned to Italy, he was imprisoned during a conflict between Venice and Genoa.
Did Marco Polo Go to China by himself?
Marco Polo is said to have never visited China and instead pieced together his knowledge of the country from trips to the Black Sea, Constantinople, and Persia, as well as conversations with merchants and reading now-lost Persian books. Skeptics point out that Marco Polo did not mention the Great Wall.
Is Marco Polo accurate?
According to Mongolian historians, much of the plot deviates from the facts. Batsukh Otgonsereenen, who spent ten years researching his book The History of Kublai Khan, said to AFP, “From a historical standpoint, 20% of the film was actual history and 80% fiction.”
What did Marco Polo bring to China?
Marco Polo, for example, is credited with bringing back the concept of paper money, and some believe his descriptions of coal, eyeglasses, and a complex postal system led to their widespread use in Europe. Marco Polo’s book also inspired Christopher Columbus and other explorers to embark on their own journeys.
Did Marco Polo learn kung fu?
During his captivity, Marco Polo is taught martial arts by Hundred Eyes (Tom Wu), a blind Taoist monk who is a master of the Wu Tang sword style and a kung fu master and takes it upon himself to mentor Marco Polo. Marco Polo is no amateur production.
Was the Yuan Dynasty successful?
The Yuan’s Political System u2014 Islam Became a Minority Religion The Mongols, who were originally nomads, herders, and hunters, successfully ruled the empire for the first few decades, bringing major changes to the region’s government and culture.
What did Marco Polo eat on his journey?
During his 17 years at the Emperor’s court in China, he most likely ate a variety of noodles or filled pasta, as pasta was a well-developed culinary specialty there between the 1270s and around 1292, when he left, though rice was still the staple food.
Why did Marco Polo travel the Silk Road?
The Great Silk Road was a complex network of trade routes connecting Europe and Asia for many centuries, and it was a way to establish contact with the great civilizations of China, India, the Near East, and Europe, including Marco Polo, a Venetian merchant who embarked on the Silk Road for trade and good fortune.
What places did Marco Polo visit?
On their way to the Far East, the Polos passed through Acre (modern-day Israel), Jerusalem, Persia, Armenia, Anatola, Georgia, Baghdad, Afghanistan, and Tartary.
What did Marco Polo get wrong about China?
Many important aspects of Chinese life and material culture are left out of Marco’s book, including: a) the Chinese writing system; b) books and printing; c) tea and tea drinking; d) porcelain; e) the Chinese custom of footbinding; and f) cormorant fishing.
Are there records of Marco Polo in China?
Polo did not mention the Great Wall, chopsticks as eating utensils, tea, footbinding, Chinese calligraphy, or other significant features, according to the book, and there are no Chinese records of Polo’s presence.
Is Marco Polo mentioned in Chinese history?
Many foreigners who played a role in the Yuan and Mongol eras are not cited in primary sources, so his absence from Chinese sources is not surprising.