Most Indians were tolerant of the pioneer wagon trains that passed through their lands between 1840 and 1860, but emigrants killed 426 Indians. Some tribes were notorious for stealing from the emigrants along the Oregon/California Trail.
What was the path called that the pioneers followed into Oregon Country?
The Oregon Trail was a 2,000-mile route that ran from Independence, Missouri, to Oregon City, Oregon, and was used by hundreds of thousands of American pioneers to emigrate west in the mid-nineteenth century. It was difficult and snaked through Missouri, present-day Kansas, Nebraska, Wyoming, Idaho, and finally Oregon.
What phrase did newspaper editor John O’Sullivan use to describe the idea of a national mission to extend the boundaries of the United States all the way to the Pacific Ocean?
The term “manifest destiny” was coined in the mid-nineteenth century by newspaper editor John O’Sullivan to describe the belief that God intended for the United States to occupy North America from the Atlantic to the Pacific.
What did mountain men such as Kit Carson do for work?
Many of these men, including Kit and Fitzpatrick, found work as guides for U.S. Army explorers and Indian agents. Kit guided John C. Fru00e9mont, the famed “Pathfinder,” and that soldier’s report of their exploits made Kit the most famous frontiersman in America.
Which nation claimed Oregon Country in the early 1800s quizlet?
In the early 1800s, the United States, Great Britain, Spain, and Russia staked claims to the Oregon country. What nations staked claims to the Oregon country? Americans wanted control of the Oregon country to gain access to the Pacific Ocean. Why did Americans want control of the Oregon country?
Where did most pioneers settle?
The Oregon Trail was one of the most traveled trails heading west, with early pioneers extending American settlements to the Mississippi Valley, later pioneers settling the Great Plains, and later pioneers settling the West Coast.
What was the greatest cause of death on the Oregon Trail?
Accidental deaths on the trail included falling off or under wagons, being crushed by wagon wheels, and injuries from handling domestic animals. Wagon accidents were the most common, with both children and adults falling off or under wagons and being crushed under the wheels.
What did O’Sullivan mean by overspread the continent?
The Democratic Review’s editor, O’Sullivan (1813-1895), wrote in his magazine about America’s “manifest destiny to overspread the continent allotted by Providence for the free development of our yearly multiplying millions.” The idea that America had a special destiny to stretch across the continent inspired many people.
Does Manifest Destiny still exist today?
In a sense, manifest destiny still exists in the United States today; while it may not be exactly the same as the one we discussed in history class, it is a very similar concept that some people today would even refer to as manifest destiny.
What reasons does O’Sullivan give?
O’Sullivan was a powerful Democratic Party supporter who laid out historical, moral, political, and economic reasons for westward expansion in 1839 and rallied support for the annexation of the Republic of Texas into the United States in 1845.
Who was the most famous mountain man?
Jim Bridger, one of history’s most infamous mountain men, explored and worked across the Western states of America between 1820 and 1850 and was named after a mountain peak in Yellowstone, Colter Peak. He is widely regarded as America’s first known mountain man.
Did Kit Carson marry an Indian woman?
Carson married an Arapaho Indian woman in 1836, and the couple had two children, only one of whom survivedu2014a daughter. Carson then married a Cheyenne woman after his first wife died.
What president refused Texans request annexation?
After Texas’ successful war of independence from Mexico in 1836, President Martin van Buren decided not to annex the state after the Mexicans threatened war.
Who lost their land under the law of 1851?
After the Treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo ended the war with Mexico, Mexicans living in California became citizens of the United States and were guaranteed rights to their land, though due to the Land Law of 1851, many settlers lost their cases in court trying to prove land ownership and lost their land.
Why did the US want Oregon Country?
The Western Frontier was the last great place in the United States to be settled, and American citizens wanted that land to be theirs because it was ideal for farming and had plenty of space to spread out from the overcrowded cities. U.S. Congressional Map on states that had formed as a result of the Oregon Treaty.