What Was Life Like Aboard the Mayflower?
In 1620, 102 passengers, including three pregnant women and more than a dozen children, boarded the Mayflower, a 17th-century merchant ship originally designed to haul lumber and fish. The crew endured a 66-day journey across 3,000 miles of open ocean.
From Two Ships to One
The Pilgrims’ journey to the New World officially began on July 22, 1620, when a large group of colonists boarded the Speedwell in the Dutch port city of Delfshaven. The two ships disembarked from Southampton on August 6 in the hopes of making the journey to Virginia as quickly as possible.
Life on the Gun Deck
The Pilgrims were housed on the ship’s “gun deck” or “between decks,” a suffocating, windowless space where passengers practically slept on top of each other, with families erecting small wooden dividers for privacy. The Mayflower carried 102 passengers and a crew of 37 men.
Biscuits and Beer
Beer was the beverage of choice for many of these old voyages, and the Pilgrims would have been malnourished, dehydrated, weak, and susceptible to scurvy. Hardtack biscuits, jaw-breaking bricks made from flour, water, and salt were the beverage of choice for many of these old voyages.
Stormy Weather and the ‘Great Iron Screw’
The ship’s captain considered turning back when one of the Mayflower’s mast beams bowed and cracked; however, an iron screw lifted the beam into place, and it took three days to raise the beam again.
An Unexpected Swim
John Howland, a passenger on the Mayflower, was saved from drowning when he grabbed hold of halyards hanging overboard and held on for dear life. Howland recovered after a brief illness and became a “profitable member” in church and commonwealth.
The Death of William Butten, the First of Many
On the 66-day voyage, only one person out of 102 died, but the Pilgrims’ fortunes changed drastically once they arrived in Cape Cod. By spring 1621, roughly half of the Mayflower’s original passengers had died, including little Oceanus, who lived for over 80 years.
How long did the Pilgrims journey take?
In 1620, the Mayflower crossed the Atlantic in 66 days, but the other, the Mayflower, set sail on September 16 (New Style; September 6 Old Style),…
How long did pilgrims travel to America?
After a 66-day voyage, the Mayflower arrived in Plymouth, Massachusetts on November 11, 1620.
How long did the crossing of the Mayflower take?
The Mayflower took 66 days to cross the Atlantic, a terrible voyage marred by winter storms and long bouts of seasickness so severe that most passengers could barely stand up, and by October, they were encountering a series of Atlantic storms that made the journey dangerous.
How many pilgrims died on Mayflower voyage?
In the winter of 1620u201321, 45 of the 102 Mayflower passengers died, and the Mayflower colonists suffered greatly during their first winter in the New World due to a lack of shelter, scurvy, and general shipboard conditions, and they were buried on Cole’s Hill.
Does the Mayflower still exist?
Plimoth Plantation owns the Mayflower II, which is undergoing a multi-year restoration in the Henry B. duPont Preservation Shipyard at Mystic Seaport. The 60-year-old wooden ship is expected to be completed in 2019.
Did the Mayflower run out of beer?
Due to the unsafe drinking water, passengers on the Mayflower drank beer as their main source of hydration u2014 each person was rationed a gallon per day u2014 and they began to run out as the ship approached Plymouth Rock.
What killed the Pilgrims?
A recent analysis concluded that the culprit was a disease called leptospirosis, caused by the leptospira bacteria and spread by rat urine. The symptoms were a yellowing of the skin, pain and cramping, and profuse bleeding, especially from the nose.
What 3 ships did the Pilgrims sail on?
Take a trip back 400 years to December 1606 when three ships u2013 the Susan Constant, the Discovery, and the Godspeed u2013 set sail for the New World from England.
Did the Pilgrims get along with the natives?
The Pilgrims were religious refugees who have been romanticized throughout American history as the founders of Thanksgiving. The Native Americans welcomed the arriving immigrants and assisted them in surviving, and then they all celebrated together, despite the Pilgrims’ belief that the Native Americans were heathens.
Did the Mayflower make more than one trip to America?
The Mayflower made several trips to Bordeaux, France, returning to London with cargoes of French wine, Cognac, vinegar, and salt. The Mayflower was supposed to accompany another ship, the Speedwell, to America, but the Speedwell proved to be too leaky for the journey, so the Mayflower set out on her own.
Who was born on the Mayflower?
Oceanus Hopkins (c. 1620 – 1627) was the only child born on the Mayflower during the historic voyage that brought the English Pilgrims to America; another boy, Peregrine White, was born on board after the ship had arrived in America and was born while the ship was at anchor.
How many masts did the Mayflower have?
You can walk around the main deck, orlop deck, and half deck of the Mayflower, which is about 25 feet wide and 106 feet long and dispenses 236 tons of water. She has four masts, including a mainmast, foremast, mizzen, and sprit, with a total of six sails.
What did the Pilgrims do with their dead?
u201cDuring the first winter, the settlers buried their dead near their homes on the banks of the shore, now known as Cole’s Hill, taking special care to level the ground to hide the number and frequency of deaths from the Indians.
Was there a baby born on the Mayflower?
Peregrine White was born in November 1620 aboard the Mayflower, while the ship was docked off the coast of Cape Cod, to William and Susanna White, who were 7 months pregnant when they boarded the ship bound for the New World.
How many trips did the Mayflower make to America?
The Mayflower attempted to leave England three times: on August 5, 1620, from Southampton, on August 21, 1620, from Dartmouth, on August 21, 1620, and finally on September 6, 1620, from Plymouth, England.