Apollo 11 Timeline: From Liftoff to Splashdown
The American flag was planted in the dusty lunar soil by NASA astronauts Neil Armstrong and Buzz Aldrin on July 20, 1969. Below is a timeline of the historic Apollo 11 flight from launch to splashdown, as seen by Vice President Spiro Agnew and former President Lyndon B. Johnson.
Mission Time 00:00:00: Apollo 11 Launches
The Saturn V boosters, which were the size of a Navy destroyer and produced 7.5 million pounds of thrust, were 100 times more powerful than the Mercury boosters that launched the first American astronaut, and their ignition was the first of many tense moments on Apollo 11.
02:44:16: One Loop Around Earth, Then Moon-Bound
The spacecraft entered Earth’s orbit at nearly 120 miles above the surface after firing and jettisoning two of the Saturn V’s three engines, and after one swing around the planet, the third-stage J-2 rocket ignited, hurling the Apollo astronauts out of near-Earth orbit.
03:24:03: Vessels Rearrange in Space
The Apollo 11 spacecraft was attached to the Saturn V rocket for the first time, with the Service Module ejecting from the stage three rocket’s tip, turning 180 degrees, and docking head-first with the top of the LM.
75:49:50: Entering Moon’s Orbit
This is a composite image made up of two separate shots taken by the Lunar Module’s Eagle and Command Modules, respectively, as the spacecraft entered lunar orbit around the moon at 62 miles above the surface.
100:39:53: Armstrong Maneuvers Descent
After two hours of piloting the 32,000-pound LM toward the lunar surface, Armstrong realized that the computer’s auto-landing program was dropping them in the middle of a boulder-strewn crater, with fuel supplies running dangerously low.
102:45:40: ‘The Eagle Has Landed’
Armstrong remained calm and collected even as warning alarms blared in the cramped cabin, according to Neufeld. Armstrong and Aldrin brought the LM to a gentle stop and cut the engines, reporting to a white-knuckled Mission Control, “The Eagle has landed.”
109:07:33: Armstrong, Aldrin on the Moon: ‘That’s One Small Step…’
“That’s one small step for (a) man, one giant leap for mankind,” Armstrong famously radioed back to Earth. The two men spent the next two hours taking photographs and recording their impressions of the landscape.
124:22:01: A Meal, a Nap, Then Lift-Off From the Moon
In lunar orbit, Armstrong and Aldrin rejoin Collins and the CSM; Neufeld says this was another nail-biter moment for those watching at home. “Lift-off made me nervous,” says Neil Armstrong, who was the first man to walk on the moon.
128:03:00: Docking With Command Module
During Gemini 8, Armstrong and Aldrin docked with the spacecraft in mid-flight, making it the first successful space docking ever. The three-man crew reassembled in the CSM, jettisoned the LM for good, and set course for home.
195:07:15: Re-entry into Earth’s Atmosphere
The Service Module was ditched after firing its engines one final time to enter Earth’s orbit, and the three astronauts braced for re-entry inside the cone-shaped Command Module, which would be the final test for the Apollo 11 crew and the thousands of engineers and test pilots.
The Apollo 11 mission ended with a splashdown landing in the Pacific Ocean exactly eight days after launch, with the three astronauts emerging from the damaged CM capsule wearing biological contamination suits for fear of bringing back toxic moon bacteria, and remaining inside a mobile medical quarantine facility for 21 days before being cleared to return to their families.
How long did the journey take Apollo 11?
On July 19, Apollo 11 entered lunar orbit after traveling 240,000 miles in 76 hours. The next day, at 1:46 p.m., the lunar module Eagle, manned by Armstrong and Aldrin, separated from the command module, where Collins remained.
How long was Moon Journey?
A spacecraft travels about 3 days to reach the Moon, covering at least 240,000 miles (386,400 kilometers), the distance between Earth and the Moon.
Why did NASA stop going to the Moon after Apollo 17?
Future Apollo missions were canceled in 1970, and Apollo 17 became the last manned mission to the Moon for an indefinite period of time, owing to the high cost of getting to the Moon, which was ironically astronomical.
Who made to the Moon?
Aldrin (Apollo 11), David Scott (Apollo 15), Charles Duke (Apollo 16), and Harrison Schmitt (Apollo 17) are four of America’s moonwalkers who are still alive. Between 1968 and 1972, 24 American astronauts traveled from Earth to the Moon.
Has anyone visited Mars?
NASA’s Mariner 4 made the first successful flyby of Mars on July 14u201315, 1965. The first probes to make contact with the surface were two Soviet probes: the Mars 2 lander on November 27, and the Mars 3 lander on December 2, 1971u2014Mars 2 failed during descent, and Mars 3 landed about twenty seconds after the first Martian soft landing.
How did Apollo 11 leave the Moon?
The astronauts separated the spacecraft from the Saturn V’s third stage after being sent to the Moon by the Saturn V’s third stage and traveled for three days until they entered lunar orbit, after which they moved into Eagle and landed in the Sea of Tranquility on July 20.
Is the flag still on the Moon?
The nylon flag was not designed to withstand the harsh conditions of space and was purchased from a government catalog. However, a review of photographs taken by the Lunar Reconnaissance Orbiter (LRO) indicates that flags placed during the Apollo 12, 16, and 17 missions were still standing as of 2012.
Why did Apollo 18 get Cancelled?
Following the Apollo 13 incident and further budget cuts, the next two missions, Apollos 18 and 19, were canceled, as were two Skylab missions. Two complete Saturn Vs were left unused and are now on display in the United States.
What killed Sally Ride?
Neil Alden Armstrong (August 5, 1930 u2013 August 25, 2012) was an American astronaut and aeronautical engineer, as well as a naval aviator, test pilot, and university professor. He was the first person to walk on the Moon.
How much money did the Apollo 11 astronauts get paid?
According to the Boston Herald, Neil Armstrong was paid $27,401 at the time of the Apollo 11 flight in 1969, making him the highest-paid of the flying astronauts, which translates to $190,684 in today’s dollars.
Who died on the moon?
Michael Collins, an original member of the Apollo 11 moon landing crew who kept the command module flying while Neil Armstrong and Buzz Aldrin became the first humans to walk on the moon, died on Wednesday at the age of 90, according to his family.