Hero’s Journey 101: Definition and Step-by-Step Guide (With Checklist!)
The Hero’s Journey is an age-old story structure that can be found in everything from Theseus and the Minotaur to The Lion King. In this post, we’ll show you how to make this classic plot work for you u2014 and summarize everything in a handy infographic.
What is the Hero’s Journey?
The Hero’s Journey, also known as the monomyth, is a common story structure. In 1949, Joseph Campbell coined the three stages of the hero’s journey, and in his book The Writer’s Journey, Christopher Vogler refined Campbell’s original structure, defining 12 stages.
The 12 Steps of the Hero’s Journey
The Hero’s Journey is a story structure that applies across mediums and genres, and we’ve used the 1976 film Rocky as an example to show how it can be used outside of your average sword-and-sorcery novel.
1. Ordinary World
Before our Hero discovers a strange new world, we must first comprehend the status quo: their ordinary, mundane reality. It is up to this first leg to set the scene, introducing the Hero to readers and setting the stage for the rest of the story.
2. Call to Adventure
The Hero is confronted with a problem or challenge that they can’t ignore, which can take many forms, as Campbell points out in Hero with a Thousand Faces. The stakes of the adventure and the goals become clear.
Rocky: Call to Adventure:
The undisputed World Heavyweight Champion is Apollo Creed.
3. Refusal of the Call
In Star Wars, Luke Skywalker initially refuses to join Obi-Wan on his mission to rescue the princess because it is risky and there are perils u2014 such as spiders, trolls, or a creepy uncle waiting back at Pride Rock.
4. Meeting the Mentor
Mentors are people who help the Hero avoid making a fool of themselves by providing practical training, profound wisdom, or a kick in the pants. Mentors can take many forms, ranging from witches to hermits to suburban karate instructors.
Rocky: Meeting the Mentor
Mickey “Mighty Mick” Goldmill, a former boxer, sees potential in Rocky and begins training him for the fight to save his life.
5. Crossing the First Threshold
The Departure stage is when the Hero’s speed really picks up, and there’s no turning back now. Take a moment to re-assess your bearings before continuing into unfamiliar territory.
6. Tests, Allies, Enemies
Spencer, Bethany, “Fridge,” and Martha run into a herd of bloodthirsty hippos in Jumanji: Welcome to the Jungle, while Marlin and Dory encounter three “reformed” sharks, are shocked by jellyfish, and are swallowed by a blue whale in Harry Potter.
What is the quest in the hero’s Journey?
The hero’s journey is a common narrative archetype, or story template, in which a hero embarks on an adventure, learns a lesson, triumphs with his newfound knowledge, and returns home transformed.
How does the Odyssey fit the hero’s journey?
Following the fall of Troy, the hero, Odysseus, is shipwrecked at sea with the gods against him, and as he struggles to return home to Ithaca, he travels through many lands and overcomes many obstacles, proving his strength and defeating the suitors through a series of tests.
What are the 3 stages of the hero’s journey?
The Departure (or Separation), the Initiation, and the Return, according to Campbell, are the three main stages, each of which consists of several steps. During the Departure, the hero is introduced as they are presented with and prepare for their journey.
What is a good example of the hero’s journey?
The journey home – Odysseus returns home to find his wife being courted by many suitors. Resurrection of the hero – Odysseus is patient and disguises himself as a beggar to test his wife’s fidelity.
What are the 8 steps of a hero’s journey?
There are eight terms in this set.
- Return with a gift.
- The call. A problem is presented, and the hero cannot remain in the ordinary world.
- The call.
What are the 10 steps of the hero’s journey?
Steps in the Hero’s Journey
- Step 1: The Ordinary World.
- Step 2: The Call to Adventure.
- Step 3: Cross the First Threshold.
- Step 4: Trials, Friends, and Foes.
- Step 5: Magical Mentor (or the Mentor with Supernatural Aid)
- Step 6: Dragon’s Lair.
- Step 7: Moment of Despair.
Who did Calypso marry?
Calypso adores Odysseus and wishes to make him immortal so that he can remain with her and be her husband forever, despite the fact that she recognizes that he does not adore her and wishes to return to Penelope.
Is the Odyssey a hero’s journey?
Their stories follow what Joseph Campbell refers to as the “Hero Journey.” The Odyssey, as the epic story of Odysseus, closely follows Joseph Campbell’s Hero Journey cycle, both physically and psychologically.
What has Odysseus learned on journey?
What lessons did Odysseus learn from each place he visited in Homer’s Odyssey? In the Odyssey, Odysseus learns to avoid selfish pleasures like pride, drugged leisure, living with women other than his wife, and living in a dreamworld.
What part of the hero’s journey is the climax?
The story then moves on to the sixth phase, the world of Trials, Allies, and Enemies, where the hero will meet new people, face new challenges, overcome tests and traps, defeat monsters, and prepare for the big challenge ahead, known as the Ordeal, which will be the setting for your climax.
How do you start a hero’s journey?
What is the best way to write a hero’s journey?
- First, create your hero. Forget about the traditional meanings of the word ‘hero,’ and let your imagination run wild.
- Then, give them a goal. Remember, stories exist on a literal level first and foremost.
- Finally, lay out the four quadrants of the story cycle.
What does the road back mean in the hero’s journey?
The Hero faces the Resurrection, his most dangerous meeting with death, and this battle is for much more than the Hero’s life in Romance and Action Adventure. The Hero faces the Resurrection, his most dangerous meeting with death, and this battle is for much more than the Hero’s life (Beauty and the Beast).
What are the four parts of the hero’s journey myth?
What is the Hero’s Journey, and how does it work?
- The Departure Act: the Hero departs from the Ordinary World. The Initiation Act: the Hero enters unknown territory (the ” Special World “) and undergoes various trials and challenges in order to be born into a true champion.
What are the two worlds of the hero’s journey?
7. The Master of Two Worlds. After completing the journey out and back in, the hero is now a master of both the natural and supernatural worlds, allowing him to cross the threshold between them without difficulty.
Why is the hero’s journey so universal?
The point of this stage in the Hero’s Journey is that the Reward is never enough; no matter how much we hope they will, life’s physical rewards never satisfy us as deeply as we hope; the Hero’s Journey reflects this universal human truth by continuing the story even after the Hero appears to have gotten what they want.