Faxian, also known as Fa-Hien, Fa-hsien, and Sehi, traveled from China to India on foot to acquire Buddhist texts, bringing with him a large number of Sanskrit texts whose translations influenced East Asian Buddhism.
Faxian is credited with bringing back a large number of Sanskrit Buddhist texts and images, and he wrote a book about his travels, Foguoji (A Record of Buddhistic Kingdoms).
Legge’s biographical notes on Faxian
He was a native of Wu-yang in P’ing-Yang, now part of Shan-hsi, and he said: If you must have the grain, take whatever you want. But, Sirs, it was your neglect of charity that brought you to your present state of destitution.
Miyajima Faxian’s memoirs are an independent record of the society and culture of the places he visited, particularly ancient India around 400 CE, and his translations of Sanskrit texts he brought to China are an important means of dating texts, named individuals, and Buddhist traditions. The Vaisya (orphans, widows, childless men, maimed people, and cripples) go to those houses, and are provided with eviction notices.
What was the significance of Faxian?
Faxian, Wade-Giles romanization Fa-hsien, original name Sehi, Buddhist monk (flourished 399u2013414) whose pilgrimage to India in 402 sparked Sino-Indian relations and whose writings contain important information about early Buddhism.
Who was Faxian And what did he notice during his visit to India?
Faxian set out with nine others in 399 to locate sacred Buddhist texts, and he visited India in the early fifth century, walking all the way from China through icy deserts and rugged mountain passes.
Is Fa Hien and Faxian the same person?
Fa-hsien, a Chinese Buddhist monk who, at the age of 65, went on a pilgrimage from central China to Tamluk in what is now West Bengal, India (his name is sometimes spelled Faxian in English), is one of the 5th century travelers on the early Silk Road who left a detailed written account of his experiences.
Who was Faxian answer?
Between 399 and 412, Faxian (337 u2013 c. 422), a Chinese Buddhist monk, traveled from China to India on foot, visiting many sacred Buddhist sites in what is now Xinjiang, Pakistan, India, Nepal, Bangladesh, and Sri Lanka to acquire Buddhist texts.
Why did Faxian travel to India when did Faxian travel What was significant about this time?
Between 399 and 414 A.D., the Chinese monk Faxian (Fa-Hsien, Fa Hien) traveled to India via Central Asia to study Buddhism, locate sutras and relics, and obtain copies of Buddhist books that were not available in China.
Who was Faxian Why did he come to India?
Faxian visited India during the reign of Chandragupta II and is known for his pilgrimage to Lumbini, the birthplace of Gautama Buddha (modern Nepal), but he made no mention of the Guptas. Faxian claimed that demons and dragons were the first inhabitants of Sri Lanka.
Why did Hiuen Tsang visit India?
Hiuen Tsang’s visit to India was primarily for the purpose of learning about Buddhism and collecting religious texts; however, he slipped away in 629 A.D. after failing to obtain permission from the Chinese emperor to visit India; he then went to Bengal and even visited South India as far as Kanchi.
Who wrote an account of his visit to India?
Sulaiman or Soleiman al-Tajir (Persian: ) was a 9th-century Persian Muslim merchant, traveler, and writer who was originally from Siraf in modern-day Iran. He traveled to India and China and wrote an account of his journeys around AD 850.
Who was Fa-Hien Class 6?
Fa-Hien was a Chinese scholar who arrived in India during Chandragupta II’s reign and claims that the people of India were honest, secure, prosperous, and happy.
Is the I Ching Buddhist?
The Buddhist I Ching has been used as a basic map of conscious development for centuries, containing the underlying principles of all religions and held in high regard by Buddhists.
How many years Fa-Hien stayed in India?
Fa Hien (337 u2013 ca. 422 AD) was so engrossed in his search for Buddhist books, legends, and miracles that he couldn’t even remember the name of the mighty monarch under whose reign he spent six years.
When did Hiuen Tsang came to India?
Tsang began his journeys in India at the age of 28 in 629 AD, according to historical records, and stayed for 16 years.
During which reign did the Chinese Traveller Fa-Hien came to India?
Faxian’s visit to India took place during the reign of Chandragupta II, and he entered the Indian subcontinent from the northwest. His memoir recounts his ten-year stay in India, during which he visited the Buddha’s major sites, as well as renowned centers of education and Buddhist monasteries.
Who was Fa-Hien and Hiuen Tsang?
Fa-Hien was a Chinese pilgrim who visited India during the time of Chandragupta II, known as Vikramaditya, and his accounts reflect what ancient India must have been like. Fa-Hien was the first Chinese pilgrim to visit India.