Hernando de Soto
Hernando de Soto (c. 1496-1542), a 16th-century Spanish explorer and conquistador who made a fortune in the Central American slave trade and explored nearly 4,000 miles of what would become the southeastern United States.
Hernando de Soto’s Early Life and Career
Hernando de Soto was born in 1496 in Jerez de los Caballeros, Bajadoz province, and joined Pedro Arias Du00e1vila’s expedition to the West Indies in 1514. By 1530, he was Nicaragua’s leading slave trader and one of the wealthiest men.
De Soto’s Role in Conquest of Peru & Return to Spain
De Soto served as Pizarro’s chief lieutenant in the conquest of Peru in 1532, and was the first European to meet Inca emperor Atahualpa. He returned to Spain in 1536 as one of the richest conquistadors of the time.
De Soto’s Expedition to North America
De Soto set sail from Spain in 1538 with ten ships and 700 men, stopping in Cuba before landing in Tampa Bay in May 1539, then moving inland and setting up camp for the winter in what is now Tallahassee.
Was de Soto’s exploration a success?
Despite his youth, de Soto’s zeal and prowess as a horseman helped him secure a spot on Pedro Arias Du00e1vila’s 1514 expedition to the West Indies, where he quickly established himself as a trader and expeditioner, reaping large profits thanks to his skill and daring.
How did Hernando de Soto change the world?
Hernando de Soto is best known as a conquistador, having assisted in the conquest of many lands in Central and South America, including those of the Inca Empire, but he was also an explorer, exploring and mapping parts of nine states in the southeastern United States.
What was de Soto searching for and was he successful?
De Soto embarked on a major expedition to conquer Florida for the Spanish crown in 1538, traveling nearly 4,000 miles through the region that would become the southeastern United States in search of riches while fighting off Native American attacks along the way.
What was one positive that resulted from de Soto’s expedition?
As a result, the de Soto expedition provided Spain with new and important information about the territory of La Florida, which led to the creation of a more detailed map of the region, known as “The de Soto Map,” which can be seen below.
What is De Soto known for?
Hernando de Soto is best known for leading a group of 600 men on a journey through what is now the southeastern United States, making them the first Europeans to see much of the region. De Soto was dispatched by the King of Spain to explore and settle La Florida.
How many mobile Indians were killed by De Soto’s men?
All of the Native Americans were killed, as were 20 of de Soto’s men; hundreds of Spaniards were wounded; and the conscripts they had come to rely on to carry their supplies fled with the luggage.
Where does Soto come from?
Soto is derived from the Spanish word “soto,” which means “thicket” or “grove,” and which is itself derived from the Latin word “saltus,” which means “pasture land with a forest or wood.”
Who built DeSoto cars?
DeSoto (sometimes spelled De Soto) was an American automobile marque that was produced and marketed by the DeSoto division of Chrysler Corporation from 1928 to 1961, with more than two million passenger cars and trucks sold in North American markets.
How did Hernando de Soto impact the Native Americans?
De Soto’s journey had a significant impact on Native Americans in North America because he and his men were the first Europeans to contact the majority of these tribes in the interior, and they brought more than just violence with them.
What country sponsored Magellan’s trips What shortcut was he trying to find?
What country funded Magellan’s expeditions, and what shortcut was he looking for? Portuguese navigator Ferdinand Magellan sets sail from Spain in search of a western sea route to Indonesia’s spice islands.
Was Hernando de Soto good or bad?
He was brave, and he may have been gallant in the 16th century sense of the word, but he was neither benevolent nor kind, if old Spanish writers are to be believed, as one of them put it: ‘DeSoto was fond of the sport of killing Indians.’
Why did Spain want to explore and colonize North America?
Spanish settlers came to make a fortune and return to Spain, not to stay in a new home. The conquistadors came to conquer new territories for power and riches, overthrowing the Inca and Aztecs, as well as a host of less-advanced civilizations.
Did many American Indians in Alabama and Mississippi died because of diseases introduced to them by the Spanish?
Many American Indians in Alabama and Mississippi died as a result of diseases introduced by the Spanish, and the American Indians were forced to give up their land. Cabeza de Vaca wandered across Alabama’s coastline on an eight-year journey to reach Mexico and be rescued.
How long was Hernando de Soto’s voyage?
From 1539 to 1543, Hernando de Soto and his men explored over 4,000 miles of territory within ten modern-day U.S. states in search of riches and a suitable location for establishing a Spanish settlement.
Who discovered the Mississippi River?
It depicts Spanish conquistador and explorer Hernando De Soto (1500u20131542) arriving at the Mississippi River on May 8, 1541, riding a white horse and dressed in Renaissance finery. De Soto was the first European documented to see the river.