Hero’s Journey 101: Definition and Step-by-Step Guide (With Checklist!)
The Hero’s Journey is an age-old story structure that can be found in everything from Theseus and the Minotaur to The Lion King. In this post, we’ll show you how to make this classic plot work for you u2014 and summarize everything in a handy infographic.
What is the Hero’s Journey?
The Hero’s Journey, also known as the monomyth, is a common story structure. In 1949, Joseph Campbell coined the three stages of the hero’s journey, and in his book The Writer’s Journey, Christopher Vogler refined Campbell’s original structure, defining 12 stages.
The 12 Steps of the Hero’s Journey
The Hero’s Journey is a story structure that applies across mediums and genres, and we’ve used the 1976 film Rocky as an example to show how it can be used outside of your average sword-and-sorcery novel.
1. Ordinary World
Before our Hero discovers a strange new world, we must first comprehend the status quo: their ordinary, mundane reality. It is up to this first leg to set the scene, introducing the Hero to readers and setting the stage for the rest of the story.
2. Call to Adventure
The Hero is confronted with a problem or challenge that they can’t ignore, which can take many forms, as Campbell points out in Hero with a Thousand Faces. The stakes of the adventure and the goals become clear.
Rocky: Call to Adventure:
The undisputed World Heavyweight Champion is Apollo Creed.
3. Refusal of the Call
In Star Wars, Luke Skywalker initially refuses to join Obi-Wan on his mission to rescue the princess because it is risky and there are perils u2014 such as spiders, trolls, or a creepy uncle waiting back at Pride Rock.
4. Meeting the Mentor
Mentors are people who help the Hero avoid making a fool of themselves by providing practical training, profound wisdom, or a kick in the pants. Mentors can take many forms, ranging from witches to hermits to suburban karate instructors.
Rocky: Meeting the Mentor
Mickey “Mighty Mick” Goldmill, a former boxer, sees potential in Rocky and begins training him for the fight to save his life.
What are the steps of a hero’s journey?
The Hero’s Journey in Steps
- The Ordinary World.
- The Call to Adventure.
- The Refusal of the Call.
- Meeting with the Mentor.
- Crossing the Threshold.
- Tests, Allies, and Enemies.
What are the three steps necessary to the hero’s journey?
There are three major phases in the story: departure, initiation, and return, with several sub-stages within each of these three. phases in the exact order for the story to outline a true epic quest.
What are the 6 steps of the hero’s journey?
How to Apply the Hero’s Journey to Personal Growth
- Step 1: The Ordinary World
- Step 2: The Call to Adventure
- Step 3: Cross the First Threshold
- Step 4: Trials, Friends, and Foes
- Step 5: Magical Mentor (or the Mentor with Supernatural Aid)
- Step 6: Dragon’s Lair
- Step 7: Moment of Despair
- Step 8: Ultimate Treasure
How do you analyze a hero’s journey?
Examine the plot of a hero’s journey.
- The hero begins in their ordinary world.
- The hero receives a call to adventure.
- The hero declines the call.
- The hero meets the mentor.
- The hero accepts the call and faces tests, allies, and enemies.
- The hero goes through an ordeal.
What are the 8 steps of a hero’s journey?
There are eight terms in this set.
- Return with a gift.
- The call. A problem is presented, and the hero cannot remain in the ordinary world.
- The call.
What is an example of a hero’s journey?
You’ll recognize the stages of the hero’s journey in the Old English poem Beowulf: Ordinary world – Beowulf’s ordinary world is Greatland. Call to adventure – Beowulf heard stories of Grendel, who had killed many men.
What are the 5 stages of a hero’s journey?
Two Case Studies of the Hero’s Journey in Literature
- Frodo lives in the Shire, with his friends, and enjoys a nice, peaceful life.
- The call to adventure.
- Refusal of the call.
- The mentor.
- Crossing the threshold.
- The ordeal.
- The return.
What part of the hero’s journey is the climax?
The story then moves on to the sixth phase, the world of Trials, Allies, and Enemies, where the hero will meet new people, face new challenges, overcome tests and traps, defeat monsters, and prepare for the big challenge ahead, known as the Ordeal, which will be the setting for your climax.
Why is the hero’s journey so important?
The Hero’s Journey, however, is as much an emotional or psychological journey as it is a physical one, and a character’s actions and decisions in response to the Journey’s Stages can reveal the Character Arc, or the stages of growth that a character goes through during the story.
What is the last stage of the Hero’s Journey Called?
Return With The Elixir is the final stage of the Hero’s journey, in which he returns to his Ordinary World a changed man, having grown as a person, learned many things, faced many terrible dangers, and even death, but now looking forward to the start of a new life.
What are the two worlds of the hero’s journey?
7. The Master of Two Worlds. After completing the journey out and back in, the hero is now a master of both the natural and supernatural worlds, allowing him to cross the threshold between them without difficulty.
What is the resolution in the hero’s journey?
When the main problem is solved, there is little room for the story to continue in an engaging way; when a story reaches resolution, conflicts are resolved in some way (for better or worse), and loose ends are sufficiently tied up.
Do all stories follow the hero’s journey?
Unfortunately, not every story follows this path; not every story is a Hero’s Journey, but every story fits within the structural concepts outlined in the Dramatica theory of storyif it has something meaningful to say.
What is the belly of the whale in a hero’s journey?
The final separation from the hero’s known world and self is represented by the whale’s belly, and entering this stage indicates a willingness to undergo a metamorphosis. Instead of conquering or conciliating the power of the threshold, the hero is swallowed into the unknown and appears to have died.