Waves can transfer energy over distance without moving matter the entire distance.
For example, an ocean wave can travel many kilometers without the water itself moving many kilometers.
The water moves up and down—a motion known as a disturbance.
It is the disturbance that travels in a wave, transferring energy.
How waves carry energy from one place to another?
In electromagnetic waves, energy is transferred through vibrations of electric and magnetic fields. In sound waves, energy is transferred through vibration of air particles or particles of a solid through which the sound travels. In water waves, energy is transferred through the vibration of the water particles.
Will a wave travel only as long as it has energy to carry?
A wavelength will travel only as long as it has energy to carry.
How can waves transport energy without transporting matter from one place to another?
In a wave phenomenon, energy can move from one location to another, yet the particles of matter in the medium return to their fixed position. A wave transports its energy without transporting matter. Energy is transported through the medium, yet the water molecules are not transported.
What energy travels through vibration through matter?
Electromagnetic waves are waves that consist of vibrating electric and magnetic fields. They transfer energy through matter or across space. The transfer of energy by electromagnetic waves is called electromagnetic radiation.