Marco Polo and his family traveled extensively from Europe to Asia between 1271 and 1295, spending 17 of those years in China before departing in 1292, acting as escort to a Mongol princess who was being sent to Persia.
Polo was born in 1254 in Venice, Italy, and traveled the world with his father and uncle, Niccolo and Maffeo Polo. Polo’s account of the Orient provided westerners with their first clear picture of the geography and customs of the East. After four years, the Polos arrived in China and Kublai Khan’s summer palace known as Xanadu.
Polo the Explorer
Kublai Khan employed Polo as a special envoy for many years, and he marveled at the empire’s use of paper money and was in awe of its economy. Polo was sent to far-flung areas of Asia never before explored by Europeans, including Burma, India, and Tibet.
Journey Back to Europe
They were given the task of escorting a Mongol princess to Persia, where she was to marry a Persian prince, and they arrived in Venice after a two-year journey.
Family and Kids
Because of his exploits on horseback after his release from prison in 1299, he became known as the Vincenzo Polo.
Polo died at his home in Venice on January 8, 1324, after a long battle with Alzheimer’s disease. Friends and fans begged him to admit that his book was fiction as he lay dying. “I have not told half of what I saw,” he said.
Researchers, academics, and other explorers have corroborated his accounts, and two centuries after his death, Christopher Columbus set sail across the Atlantic in search of a new route to the Orient.
When Did Marco Polo come back from his travels?
Marco Polo returned home after a Genoese-Venetian peace treaty in 1299, and he likely never left Venetian territory again. The following year, he married Donata Badoer, with whom he would have three daughters.
How old was Marco Polo when he stopped traveling?
Polo was only 15 years old when he set out from Venice on the great adventure that would take him to the court of Kublai Khan; his father Niccol and uncle Maffeo Polo had already made the journey, and Polo barely knew his father, who had spent Polo’s childhood as a traveling merchant.
How long were Marco Polo’s journeys?
Marco Polo (1254-1324), the most famous Westerner who traveled the Silk Road, outperformed all other travelers in terms of determination, writing, and influence. His journey through Asia lasted 24 years, and he went further than any of his predecessors, reaching beyond Mongolia to China.
What did Marco Polo do after returning from his journeys?
Polo was captured in 1298, three years after returning from his journey, after leading a Venetian galley into battle against the rival Italian city-state of Genoa; while in prison, he met Rustichello of Pisa, a fellow prisoner who was a talented romance writer.
How long did Marco Polo stay in China?
Marco, his father, and his uncle left Venice in 1271 and arrived in China in 1275, spending a total of 17 years in the country.
Is Marco Polo accurate?
According to Mongolian historians, much of the plot deviates from the facts. Batsukh Otgonsereenen, who spent ten years researching his book The History of Kublai Khan, said to AFP, “From a historical standpoint, 20% of the film was actual history and 80% fiction.”
Why did Marco Polo travel the Silk Road?
The Great Silk Road was a complex network of trade routes connecting Europe and Asia for many centuries, and it was a way to establish contact with the great civilizations of China, India, the Near East, and Europe, including Marco Polo, a Venetian merchant who embarked on the Silk Road for trade and good fortune.
Why did Marco Polo receive a good education?
Marco received a good education as a result of his family’s wealth, learning about classical authors, theology of the Latin Church, and both French and Italian, as well as developing a lifelong interest in history and geography.
What did Marco Polo eat on his journey?
During his 17 years at the Emperor’s court in China, he most likely ate a variety of noodles or filled pasta, as pasta was a well-developed culinary specialty there between the 1270s and around 1292, when he left, though rice was still the staple food.
Did Marco Polo Travel foot?
Marco Polo was one of the world’s greatest explorers, having traveled all the way to China on foot and spending more than two decades in the country. Polo’s father and uncle were also determined to deliver valuable gifts from the new pope to Kublai Khan (the Chinese emperor).
How did Marco Polo impact the world?
Marco Polo’s travels had a positive impact not only on Europe, but also on China, as Marco Polo had introduced the Chinese to gunpowder, and through trade between Europe and China, the Europeans were introduced to citrus fruits, spices, and other previously unknown goods.
What did Marco Polo bring to China?
Marco Polo, for example, is credited with bringing back the concept of paper money, and some believe his descriptions of coal, eyeglasses, and a complex postal system led to their widespread use in Europe. Marco Polo’s book also inspired Christopher Columbus and other explorers to embark on their own journeys.
Did Marco Polo learn kung fu?
During his captivity, Marco Polo is taught martial arts by Hundred Eyes (Tom Wu), a blind Taoist monk who is a master of the Wu Tang sword style and a kung fu master and takes it upon himself to mentor Marco Polo. Marco Polo is no amateur production.
Where is Marco Polo buried?
San Lorenzo Church in Venice, Italy