Marco Polo (1254-1324) was a Venetian merchant who is thought to have traveled across Asia during the Mongol Empire’s height, and who became famous for his travels after co-authoring a popular book while imprisoned in a Genoese prison.
Marco Polo: The Early Years
Marco Polo was born in the city of Venice in the year 1254, and he and his companions went to see Kublai Khan, the grandson of Genghis Khan, who ruled over a vast swath of Asia.
Marco Polo’s Travels Along the Silk Road
Marco Polo is also said to have traveled through inland China and into modern-day Myanmar.
Marco Polo in Venice
In 1298, Marco Polo published “The Travels of Marco Polo,” in which he described Kublai Khan and his palaces using notes he took during his travels. While some skeptics doubt that he ever visited China, the majority of scholars are convinced.
How did Marco Polo impact the world?
Marco Polo’s travels had a positive impact not only on Europe, but also on China, as Marco Polo had introduced the Chinese to gunpowder, and through trade between Europe and China, the Europeans were introduced to citrus fruits, spices, and other previously unknown goods.
What did Marco Polo and Christopher Columbus do?
Marco Polo stated that in Mongolian culture, men can marry their mothers, tell women what to do, and live off milk and meat (The Travels of Marco Polo). This inspired Christopher Columbus to embark on his voyages to explore the world.
What was the impact of his writing Marco Polo?
Explanation: Marco Polo’s book about his journey to China captured Europe’s imagination; his descriptions of China’s wealth under the Tang dynasty of Kubala Kong astounded his European readers, inspiring a desire for direct trade with China.
Why was Marco Polo important?
Marco Polo was a Venetian explorer best known for his book The Travels of Marco Polo, which chronicles his journey to and experiences in Asia. Polo traveled extensively with his family from 1271 to 1295, spending 17 of those years in China.
What happened to Marco Polo’s father and uncle?
Marco Polo was born in the Italian city-state of Venice in the year 1254, to a prosperous merchant family. His father, Niccol, and uncle Maffeo had left the year before on a long-term trading expedition, so he was raised by extended relatives after his mother died when he was young.
Why did Marco Polo receive a good education?
Marco received a good education as a result of his family’s wealth, learning about classical authors, theology of the Latin Church, and both French and Italian, as well as developing a lifelong interest in history and geography.
Why Did Marco Polo Go to China?
Marco Polo was to find favor with the Great Khan, who made him an official at his court, where he learned Mongolian as well as several other languages and traveled throughout the vast empire, visiting lands that no European had previously visited.
What did Marco Polo bring to China?
Marco Polo, for example, is credited with bringing back the concept of paper money, and some believe his descriptions of coal, eyeglasses, and a complex postal system led to their widespread use in Europe. Marco Polo’s book also inspired Christopher Columbus and other explorers to embark on their own journeys.
Did Marco Polo meet Genghis Khan?
They traveled through much of Asia, meeting with Kublai Khan, the Mongol ruler and founder of the Yuan dynasty, according to Marco Polo’s Travels. Their decision to leave Constantinople proved timely, as Niccol and Maffeo returned to their families in Venice in 1269, where they met young Marco for the first time.
Did Marco Polo bring gunpowder to Europe?
Many people believe that explorer Marco Polo brought Chinese gunpowder to Europe via the ancient Silk Road, which led to the invention of guns and cannon, which eventually replaced old weapons like swords and bows.
Who was Marco Polo and how did he affect trade?
Marco Polo set out on a great adventure to China with his father and uncle in the 13th century, following the Silk Roads and other known overland trade routes east and becoming the first Europeans to visit the Chinese capital (modern Beijing).
How long was Marco Polo’s journey?
Marco Polo’s travels to Asia (1271u201395), immortalized in his Travels of Marco Polo, began in Venice in 1271 and ended in China in 1275, a total of 17 years in China for the Polo family.
Is Marco Polo Netflix accurate?
According to Mongolian historians, much of the plot deviates from the facts. Batsukh Otgonsereenen, who spent ten years researching his book The History of Kublai Khan, said to AFP, “From a historical standpoint, 20% of the film was actual history and 80% fiction.”
What was Marco Polo’s greatest achievement?
Marco Polo’s major achievements included meeting the famous author Rustichello, who wrote about Marco’s travels and explorations in the book “The Book of Travels,” which taught many Europeans about China, its currency, and how it used things. This book also sparked interest in China.
Did Marco Polo accomplish his goal?
Marco Polo achieved some of his objectives, but not all of them; for example, he and his uncle completed missions for the Great Khan.