Marco Polo and his family traveled extensively from Europe to Asia between 1271 and 1295, spending 17 of those years in China before departing in 1292, acting as escort to a Mongol princess who was being sent to Persia.
Polo was born in 1254 in Venice, Italy, and traveled the world with his father and uncle, Niccolo and Maffeo Polo. Polo’s account of the Orient provided westerners with their first clear picture of the geography and customs of the East. After four years, the Polos arrived in China and Kublai Khan’s summer palace known as Xanadu.
Polo the Explorer
Kublai Khan employed Polo as a special envoy for many years, and he marveled at the empire’s use of paper money and was in awe of its economy. Polo was sent to far-flung areas of Asia never before explored by Europeans, including Burma, India, and Tibet.
Journey Back to Europe
They were given the task of escorting a Mongol princess to Persia, where she was to marry a Persian prince, and they arrived in Venice after a two-year journey.
Family and Kids
Because of his exploits on horseback after his release from prison in 1299, he became known as the Vincenzo Polo.
Polo died at his home in Venice on January 8, 1324, after a long battle with Alzheimer’s disease. Friends and fans begged him to admit that his book was fiction as he lay dying. “I have not told half of what I saw,” he said.
Researchers, academics, and other explorers have corroborated his accounts, and two centuries after his death, Christopher Columbus set sail across the Atlantic in search of a new route to the Orient.
Did Marco Polo spent 24 years in China?
Marco Polo spent 24 years abroad, and despite not being the first European to visit China (his father and uncle, among others, had already done so), he became famous for his travels thanks to a popular book he co-wrote while imprisoned in Genoa.
How long was Marco Polo’s first voyage?
They arrived in Venice around 1295, after a two-year journey across the Indian Ocean; Marco Polo had been gone for twenty-four years.
How long did Marco Polo travel in miles?
In May 1275, the Polos arrived in Shang-tu, Kublai Khan’s original capital (then his summer residence), and then his winter palace in Cambaluc (Beijing), after a journey of three and a half years and 5600 miles.
Did Marco Polo Go to China by himself?
Marco Polo is said to have never visited China and instead pieced together his knowledge of the country from trips to the Black Sea, Constantinople, and Persia, as well as conversations with merchants and reading now-lost Persian books. Skeptics point out that Marco Polo did not mention the Great Wall.
Is Marco Polo accurate?
According to Mongolian historians, much of the plot deviates from the facts. Batsukh Otgonsereenen, who spent ten years researching his book The History of Kublai Khan, said to AFP, “From a historical standpoint, 20% of the film was actual history and 80% fiction.”
Why did Marco Polo get Cancelled?
Netflix announced on December 12, 2016, that it would cancel the third season of “Marco Polo” for approximately US$200 million after suffering a huge loss, with Weinstein, the series’ producer’s understanding and permission.
Why did Marco Polo travel the Silk Road?
The Great Silk Road was a complex network of trade routes connecting Europe and Asia for many centuries, and it was a way to establish contact with the great civilizations of China, India, the Near East, and Europe, including Marco Polo, a Venetian merchant who embarked on the Silk Road for trade and good fortune.
Where is Marco Polo buried?
Marco Polo achieved some of his objectives, but not all of them; for example, he and his uncle completed missions for the Great Khan.
What did Marco Polo eat on his journey?
During his 17 years at the Emperor’s court in China, he most likely ate a variety of noodles or filled pasta, as pasta was a well-developed culinary specialty there between the 1270s and around 1292, when he left, though rice was still the staple food.
Why did the Polo brothers return to China after visiting once?
Kublai Khan, the grandson of the great conqueror Genghis Khan, expressed interest in Christianity and requested that the Polo brothers return to Rome to speak with the pope on his behalf, and that the pope send the Polo brothers back to Beijing with holy water and a hundred learned priests.
What did Marco Polo bring to China?
Marco Polo, for example, is credited with bringing back the concept of paper money, and some believe his descriptions of coal, eyeglasses, and a complex postal system led to their widespread use in Europe. Marco Polo’s book also inspired Christopher Columbus and other explorers to embark on their own journeys.
What did Marco Polo get wrong about China?
Many important aspects of Chinese life and material culture are left out of Marco’s book, including: a) the Chinese writing system; b) books and printing; c) tea and tea drinking; d) porcelain; e) the Chinese custom of footbinding; and f) cormorant fishing.
Are there records of Marco Polo in China?
Polo did not mention the Great Wall, chopsticks as eating utensils, tea, footbinding, Chinese calligraphy, or other significant features, according to the book, and there are no Chinese records of Polo’s presence.
Is Marco Polo mentioned in Chinese history?
Many foreigners who played a role in the Yuan and Mongol eras are not cited in primary sources, so his absence from Chinese sources is not surprising.